The U.S. government has established several ways in which parents must provide for their children. If you are a divorced parent, you might be required to pay child support to your children who do not live with you. Children may also be eligible to receive Social Security benefits based on your work record, depending on their age and medical conditions. Any child who is eligible can receive both payments at the same time.
The federal court has established laws that require divorced parents to pay for their children's expenses, even the children who do not live with them. This law is known as child support. Parents who have never been married but whose paternity (or maternity) has been shown are also required to pay child support to their children. Parents who have been ordered by the court to pay child support are required to make monthly payments to help the other parent take care of a child's necessities and basic needs. The amount a parent is required to pay depends on his total income. Children who have parents with high income levels receive as much as they would receive if they would still live with that parent.
Social Security Benefits
Every American citizen who works and pays Social Security tax is entitled to receive Social Security benefits, either upon retirement or upon becoming disabled. Family members, such as spouses and children, are also entitled to receive Social Security benefits based on their spouse or father's work.
Social Security Disability
Social Security Disability is the program that pays benefits to workers who have become disabled and can't continue working on a regular basis. If your child is disabled, he may also be entitled to receive Social Security Disability benefits. A child who is unmarried, older than age 18 and has a disability that started before age 22 is entitled to receive these benefits based on your work for as long as the disability remains.
If your child does not have a disability but she is younger than age 18, or age 19 if she is still considered a full-time student, she also qualifies to receive Social Security benefits. In any case, a child can only start receiving benefits upon your death or upon your commencement of collection of disability or retirement benefits.
A child can receive multiple benefits at the same time. If your child is entitled to receive child support from you or your ex-spouse and he is also entitled to receive Social Security Disability benefits, he can receive both without any effect on either benefit. You are responsible for taking care of your child whether he receives benefits from the government or not. The government has to pay your disabled child the Social Security benefits that he is entitled to receive based on your work history, regardless of whether you pay for his own support or not.