The importance of a college education cannot be underestimated in terms of job opportunities in today's problematic economy. High school diplomas no longer carry the same weight as they did 40 years ago. College graduates, regardless of their field of study, generally have better earning potential than those without a degree. However, according to the National Center for Education Statistics, trends exist when it comes to college major choices.
A business degree usually indicates a major in accounting, management, marketing, finance or information systems. The courses aren't all math and numbers; after the general electives, the core courses involve practical studies concerning management, finance, marketing, organizational behavior, operations management and business policy. A business degree's popularity is understandable for the opportunities it affords a job seeker. There is usually a high demand for the aforementioned specialties. Some of the positions available to fresh business school graduates are entry-level manager, assistant product manager, market researcher, systems analyst, sales representative and financial analyst.
The social sciences normally pertain to anthropology, geography, history, linguistics, political science, psychology and sociology. They mostly work toward providing an analytical perspective for learning about social interaction and the dynamics of human beings. Careers available for social science graduates vary, including jobs related to social work, human services administration, community development, urban planning, education, counseling and diplomatic services. Many of the majors under the social sciences umbrella also serve as prelaw courses.
The demand for teachers is usually high; however, college students who opt to take up education have other work options besides teaching. Some colleges offer areas of concentration that involve research instead. Ordinarily, the specializations pertain to the different school levels, starting with early childhood care and development, up to the high school level with focus on specific subjects, such as math, English or physics. Special education is also growing in popularity following the increase in demand for teachers who are trained to work with individuals with developmental delays, physical disabilities, learning disabilities or emotional disturbances.
Science majors usually specialize in mathematics and the natural sciences, which include biology, chemistry, physics, astronomy, earth science and environmental science. The study involves generating further scientific knowledge and learning both the technology and theory in a major area. Many science graduates go into teaching or into research. A good percentage ends up in medical school as many of the majors, particularly biology, serve as premedical courses.
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