The Effects of the Ecosystem & Industrialization


An ecosystem -- short for ecological system -- is a community of animals, plants and other organisms and the nonliving things of the environment functioning as an ecological unit. Or as the Franklin Institute puts it: "any group of living and nonliving things interacting with each other." Industrialization can be defined as the transformation from being an agricultural society to a manufacturing society. Together these elements have a huge impact on your daily life.

Source of Life

An ecosystem provides food for animals, plants and other organisms. Roots, barks and branches provide shelter, living space and resting areas for animals and human beings. Leaves and branches provide shade for you and reduce the impact of wind and rain, in addition to moderating adverse temperature and regulating humidity. Ecosystems also provide you with timber and other forest products. Ecosystems are responsible for water cycles, important gases and nutrients.


Industrialization has led to new farming methods and new agricultural techniques, which have resulted in farmers cultivating more land. Development in railway transportation enables harvests to reach markets faster while the refrigerated railroad car facilitates perishable products and enables them to reach distant markets in time. Furthermore, industrialization has brought about food mechanization such as through industrial evaporation and caning.


Industrialization has led to an increased concentration of political power, people and economic activities in urban areas. As a result, towns have become increasingly congested. Diseases like cholera, typhoid fever and dysentery and unsanitary living conditions are a constant problem especially in underdeveloped nations -- unlike in developed countries where the governments have sewers dug and the water sanitized.

Trading, Banking and Financial Services

To finance large-scale industries, trading, banking and financial services have increasingly emerged to cater to increasing demand. Corporations have expanded, thereby boosting the economic output of countries.


Increased industrialization continues to outpace the supply of workers who are able and willing to work in low-paying, dangerous and dead-end jobs -- particularly in Third World countries. In these economies, industrialization has seen an increase in the number of specialized workers and use of machines. As a result unions have emerged to help workers engage in strikes, demanding decent working environments and better pay. The demand for industrial workers in developing and developed economies has seen an increase in the labor movement across countries.


Industrialization has resulted in water, air and noise pollution. Water pollution is the by-product of people dumping waste materials into waterways or improperly containing wastes, leading to leakage into waterways and groundwater. Industrial pollution can also impact air quality, causing widespread environmental problems. Furthermore, the pollutants kill animals and plants, imbalance the ecosystem and degrade quality of life.

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