Types of Necklines of Garments

A turtleneck is a popular neckline style during winter.
A turtleneck is a popular neckline style during winter. (Image: Pixland/Pixland/Getty Images)

The type of neckline of the garment you wear can drastically change your appearance. A garment with a turtleneck looks conservative and carries an air of sophistication. In comparison a garment with a plunging v-neck is more revealing. There are many different types of necklines to chose from, with hundreds of variations possible.


One of the most common types of necklines is the jewel neckline. It is a simple, high, round shape which sits at the base of the throat. The fabric requires elasticity in order for the head to fit through the opening or a zipper that allows for a wider opening. It is most frequently used in t-shirts, although there are also dresses which have a jewel neckline.


Appropriately named as a v-neck, the neckline resembles the letter "v". The fabric slopes to a point above or between the breasts. Often used to accentuate cleavage, a narrow v-neck can also draw attention away from broad shoulders. V-necks are commonly found on business vests and sweaters for men and on dresses and tops for women.


The turtleneck is a popular neckline during the colder months of the year. The fabric which rises above the shoulders and hugs the neck, prevents body heat from escaping and is used as a substitute for a scarf. A variation of the turtleneck is the cowl-neck. In essence it is a turtleneck with extra material which falls over the shoulders and hangs open at the neck, rather then hugging it.


The portrait is a shallow canoe-shaped neckline which opens along the side of the shoulders and dips below the collar bone. The portrait is used mostly in women's garments like dresses and long-sleeved t-shirts. The sabrina and the bateau necklines are similar versions of the portrait with the openings becoming progressively smaller.


Exclusively a woman's neckline, a halterneck can be found on garments like swim suits, dresses, tank tops and other shirts. Fabric loops around the neck and joins the shirt above the breasts, leaving the base of the throat and shoulders bare. The straps can vary in thickness. The top of the back is exposed making it a popular neckline for elegant evening dresses. Often a cowl neckline is incorporated with the halterneck.


A strapless neckline exposes the shoulders, collar bones and neck. The fabric is tight around the bust to keep the garment in position. A sweetheart neckline, which has the top half of a heart positioned over the bust, can be combined with a strapless neckline.

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