Bed bugs are small, brown insects that feed on blood. Active at night, bed bugs infest the home and hide in places such as linens, mattresses, desks, clothing and drapery. There are many home remedies available for bed bug infestations, such as lavender and extreme heat, which can be determined by signs such as bites and visible eggs.
Bed bugs strongly dislike the scent of lavender, making it an effective home remedy. The Bed Bugs HQ website recommends placing dried lavender in cloth bags, which can then be scattered around the infested areas. Lavender essential oil, which can be purchased from an aromatherapy shop, can be used in small amounts on the bed frame or in mop water when cleaning the floor.
Cayenne pepper is another substance with a very strong smell that deters bed bugs. Available for purchase in the spice section of many grocery stores, use cayenne pepper against a bed bug infestation by scattering it around areas that act as entrance-ways for the bed bugs to enter the bedroom. This helps to prevent an increase in bed bugs.
Place all infected clothing, linens, rugs, backpacks, stuffed animals and toys in the dryer. According to the Grandma's Home Remedies website, bed bugs are unlikely to survive very high heat. Run the dryer on the highest temperature setting for a minimum of 20 minutes. Be sure to store the clothing and other materials in a safe area afterwards to avoid re-infestation.
While dry heat, such as that from a dryer, is recommended for clothing and linens, steam cleaning employs high temperatures and is often used by extermination companies if they are required to avoid pesticides. Use an electric steam cleaner to clean your mattress, carpet and any other areas where bed bugs are likely to live.
Diatomaceous earth is a natural substance composed of algae fossils, which provide sharp, jagged edges. Dust this substance around areas of the home that are infested with bed bugs, such as the bedroom; bed bugs will crawl across it and be injured by the jagged edges.
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