The salamander is a cold-blooded amphibian found all over the United States. They can be found in damp, dark, wooded areas near creeks, ponds and rivers. Over the years salamanders have become popular pets because of their appearance and coloration. Salamanders are easy to care for, and some species can be found in your pet store.
Tiger salamanders are among the most popular salamander being kept as pets. Tiger salamanders can grow up to 13 inches. These salamanders mainly live underground in tunnels and are most active at night. Tiger salamanders are frequently sold in the larval stage, in which they are called waterdogs. When they mature they become dark green with black molting. An adult tiger salamander can live for up to 15 years with proper care.
Fire salamanders are the most colorful of pet salamanders. The skin of the fire salamander is a glossy black with bright yellow spots. Fire salamanders are highly inquisitive and lively and will become tame with constant human interaction. Fire salamanders grow to be seven to 10 inches in length. They also produce glandular secretions that can cause skin irritation. With proper care the fire salamander can live up to 30 years.
The three-lined salamander is an interesting-looking salamander. It has a long slender black body with 3 distinct yellow stripes running down the entire length of it's body, hence its name. This salamander will grow to eight inches in length, of which two-thirds of its body length is made up of tail. The three-lined salamanders are nocturnal, and can be found near streams. They hide in rock crevices, under fallen trees and rocks.
The red-backed salamander is a common to the eastern United States. The red-backed salamander is named appropriately -- it is black, with a large red stripe running down its back. Its belly is speckled in black and white. This species of salamander is nonaquatic and lives in wetlands, under rocks, logs, moss and dead leaves. It is quick to escape if disturbed and will quickly run into one of its available tunnels.