Guidance & Counseling Techniques

We are all counselors in one way or another. We help our friends and family when they need advice or support. Counseling skills are useful for all people to know because they can be used to help others. There are many specific skills that most counselors use to help a person. Counseling and guidance techniques may vary depending on the person in need. For example, marriage counseling will be much different from child counseling. But some skills are common to all counseling.

  1. Goal Setting

    • An important but often overlooked aspect of counseling is goal setting. Goals help give patients something strive for and this changes old behavior patterns. In guidance, goal setting is normally figuring out what sort of future the person wants and then working backwards to develop an actionable plan to get there. In general counseling the goals may be less tangible than in career counseling, for example. For example, a patient's goal may be to increase his confidence. Actionable steps can still be taken but must be sensitive to the patient's current life situation.

    Taking Stock

    • Many times people who are seeking guidance and counseling are at a crossroads in their life. Choices can seem overwhelming. It is important for these people to take a moment, pause and take stock of where they are. Ask the patient to give their history of what brought them up to the present moment. The words they use to describe their lives will give valuable insight into how they see the world and themselves.

    Non Judgment and Listening Skills

    • Most people just want someone to listen to them. It is very important for a counselor not to interrupt the patient, even if they have something to add. Write down the thought and wait until the patient is done. Of course, if the patient repeats themselves they can be directed to come back to something else. A non-judgmental attitude is essential. This will build trust and make the patient feel safe and respected. Patients need a person to listen and not judge them.

    Patients Solve their Problems

    • Most patients know the solutions to their own problems but have an unconscious block that is preventing them from seeing the solution. The role of the counselor is to lead the person to the best solution. The person needs to feel like he has created or co-created the solution in order to accept it. For example, a woman in an abusive relationship may unconsciously know she must break off the relationship but in the interim she is still with the abuser. The counselor must help the woman discover all the reasons why she should leave the relationship.

Related Searches


  • Photo Credit Creatas Images/Creatas/Getty Images

You May Also Like

  • School Counseling Techniques

    School counselors understand counseling techniques that can ease communications with students. ... Guidance and School Counseling ...

  • Counseling Skills & Techniques

    Counseling becomes an attractive and necessary option when people find themselves unable to handle the speed and complexity of modern life. Counselors...

  • Guidance Techniques for Preschoolers

    Guidance Techniques for Preschoolers. Entering preschool is a time of change in a young child's life. ... Guidance & Counseling Techniques; Print...

  • Supportive Skills & Techniques in Counseling

    The skills and techniques employed in supportive therapy provide a counseling patient with tools to affect change in his daily life. A...

  • Techniques in Group Counseling

    Group therapy is the process in which a therapist compiles a group of people with similar psychological issues in order to discuss...

  • Counseling Theories & Techniques

    Through counseling, individuals can work through their issues and improve their overall quality of life. While the general goal of counseling rarely...

  • Group Process Techniques for Counseling

    Group therapy aims to encourage personal development and help people work through potential or current problems, according to the website Group Psychotherapy....

  • Techniques in Counseling

    A counselor has a variety of techniques he can use to work with his clients as they are making changes in their...

  • Peer Counseling Techniques

    Peer Counseling Techniques. Peer counseling is useful in a variety of environments, ... The purpose of peer counseling is to aid the...

  • What Are Good Counseling Techniques?

    There are multiple forms of counseling techniques and styles that are used in therapy sessions. The techniques that you use are often...

  • How to Improve Counselor Communication Skills

    Basic Counseling Skills: Step One - Learning the Basic Skills of Counseling Techniques; Resources. ... according to the National Guidance Research Forum.

  • Techniques for Individual Counseling

    Counseling falls into two basic categories: group and individual. Each category can be further divided by the theories of counseling and the...

  • Job Interview Tips for Elementary Guidance Counselors

    Elementary guidance school counselors must wear many hats. They are leaders, team players, and diplomats. An interview for this position is highly...

  • Types of Counseling Techniques

    Counseling can be an enlightening and emotionally cleansing exercise. It is a useful tool for anyone who might just need someone to...

  • Definitions of Counseling Techniques

    Definitions of Counseling Techniques. ... Simple Solutions to Seasonal Allergies You May Like. Techniques in Counseling. School Counseling Techniques.

Related Ads

Related Searches
View Blog Post

20 Indoor Activities Kids (and Moms!) Will Love & No Gadgets Required