What Kind of Climate Does Maryland Have?

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Baltimore, the state's largest city, lies on Chesapeake Bay.
Baltimore, the state's largest city, lies on Chesapeake Bay. (Image: Thinkstock/Comstock/Getty Images)

Maryland, a state on the mid-eastern seaboard of the United States, has a moderate climate. With the exception of record highs and lows, the state experiences warm, humid summers and chilly winters with moderate snowfall. Eastern Maryland touches the Atlantic Ocean through the Chesapeake Bay while the western part lies in the Appalachian Mountains, so the climate varies considerably from one end of the state to the other.

Temperature

In Maryland's northwest region, the average annual temperature is 48 F while the Chesapeake Bay region in the southeast averages 59 F annually. The state has a diverse climate depending on which region visitors travel to. Baltimore -- Maryland's largest city -- has an average annual temperature of 55 F, with a winter low average of 33 F and a summer high average of 77 F. Maryland's record high occurred on June 10, 1936 at 109 F and the record low was -40 F on January 13, 1912.

Maryland's highest temperature ever recorded was 109 F in 1936.
Maryland's highest temperature ever recorded was 109 F in 1936. (Image: Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Getty Images)

Precipitation

Rain and snowfall vary vastly from one end of Maryland to the next. West of the Appalachians, the average rainfall is 36 inches annually. In the southeast region of the state, the average annual rainfall is 49 inches.Garrett County, in the northwestern corner of the state bordering West Virginia and Pennsylvania, receives up to 100 inches of snow annually, while Baltimore gets an annual average of just 22 inches.

Northwest Maryland sees the most snowfall, while the southeast region gets the most rain.
Northwest Maryland sees the most snowfall, while the southeast region gets the most rain. (Image: Hemera Technologies/AbleStock.com/Getty Images)

Seasons

Maryland is a temperate climate, which means it has four distinct seasons. Since Baltimore is located on an inlet of the Chesapeake Bay and Atlantic Ocean, its seasonal climate is humid and warm in the summer and winter, compared to northwestern regions in the Appalachian Mountains. Maryland has moderate winters and warm summers, with seasonal weather patterns less pronounced than those found in states farther north.

Storm Threat

Maryland's biggest storm threats are hurricanes on the United States's eastern seaboard from March through October and blizzards in the mountainous northwestern region from November through March. Tornadoes and earthquakes are not common in Maryland, and the fear of natural disasters should not deter visitors from enjoying the state.

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