Biotechnologists, also known as biological scientists, research and analyze all types of living organisms and how they interact with the environment. Typically, biotechnologists specialize in a particular area, such as chemical composition, botany or ecology. The amount of money a biotechnologist makes in a year depends on the area of specialization and the type of employer.
Biochemists and Biophysicists
Biotechnologists who focus on chemistry or physics and how they relate to living organisms earned an average of $88,550 as of May 2009, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The two industries with the highest level of employment for this type of biotechnologists were scientific research and development services, which offered an average salary of $93,270 annually, and pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing, which offered an average salary of $91,070.
Biological scientists who focus on the growth, structure and development of microscopic organisms such as bacteria are known as microbiologists. This type of biotechnologist earned an average salary of $71,980 as of 2009, according to the bureau. In the industry of scientific research and development services the average was $74,030, while in pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing the average was $69,830.
Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists
Biotechnologists who study the life and behavior of animals or wildlife earned an average salary of $60,670 as of 2009, according to the bureau. The largest employer for these biotechnologists was the government. Those working for state government earned an average of $53,290; those working for local government earned an average of $58,180; and those working for the federal executive branch earned an average of $75,690 a year.
The average salary of other types of biotechnologists, including physiologists, botanists, ecologists and aquatic biologists, was $69,430 as of 2009, reports the bureau. The federal executive branch employed the highest level of these types of biotechnologists and offered an average salary of $73,030 a year. Those working for colleges, universities and professional schools earned an average of $53,990 and those in the industry of scientific research and development services earned an average of $75,080 a year.