Freckles are usually smaller than the head of a pin and have tan or brown coloring. They do not pose any health risks and can't cause any harm to the body, according to KidsHealth. However, sometimes individuals mistake freckles for skin cancer. If you're not sure whether a mark on your skin is a freckle or skin cancer, it's important to schedule an appointment with your dermatologist. In addition, you can remove normal freckles and help prevent them from developing in the first place.
The best way to prevent freckles from developing is to reduce your exposure to the sun, according to Columbia University. Individuals with sensitive skin should apply sunscreen if they plan on spending time in the sun. Reducing exposure to the sun will help prevent existing freckles from getting darker. Avoid tanning salons because tanning will only make your freckles worse. However, sometimes freckles are unavoidable because you may inherit them.
The only way to successfully remove freckles is with laser surgery, but it can be extremely expensive, according to Columbia University. One type of freckle removal surgery is called cryosurgery and involves using liquid nitrogen to freeze and remove freckles. Chemical peels are one option that makes freckles less noticeable. This involves applying a chemical solution to the skin, which causes the surface to eventually peel off, according to MedicineNet. Laser surgery is the most effective treatment option and generally results in satisfactory results.
Sometimes freckles fade away entirely during winter months, and return in the summer months. In addition, freckles usually become lighter and less apparent as people get older. Avoid making the mistake of trying to bleach your freckles to make them lighter. Doing this is not effective and usually leads to skin irritation, according to Columbia University.
The two main types of freckles are simple freckles and sunburn freckles. Simple freckles are usually extremely small, round, tan and the size of a pin head. Sunburn freckles are usually darker, have jagged edges and can be larger than the size of a pencil eraser, according to MedicineNet.