Job types or levels determine an employee's position in a corporate structure, as well as establish compensation and benefits. Sub-levels or branches used for specific functions or operations can exist in each level. While specific job level descriptions can vary, some basic high-level designations can be applied to nearly any corporate structure.
An entry-level job is typically given to a new employee with little or no prior experience or education. This level may also be open to recent college graduates who have no real world experience in the field. An entry-level employee is usually assigned duties of limited complexity and uses the help of more-experienced employees to gain experience and become proficient at the job.
The intermediate-level employee has demonstrated proficiency with entry-level job functions and responsibilities, and can teach these skills to others. This job level indicates that an employee is able to work without constant supervision and can take on responsibility for specific projects or tasks. Supervisory responsibility for other intermediate or entry-level employees may also be assigned.
Middle management is typically the first managerial level in a corporate structure. Middle managers oversee intermediate and entry-level employees, as well as take on responsibility for department objectives and goals. Middle managers may be given titles such as supervisor, lead employee or department head, and report to upper-level managers.
Upper-level managers are employees with extensive experience and education in their field, as well as experience managing others. They oversee divisions, departments or specific functions within a corporate structure and delegate responsibilities to middle managers. Upper-level managers typically report to the executive level of a corporate structure.
The executive level of a corporate structure is made up of highly skilled and experienced employees who have demonstrated the ability to handle the specific job responsibilities and manage other employees. Executive-level employees include directors, vice presidents, officers or department chiefs. Chief operating officer, chief financial officer, director of human resources and vice president of sales are examples of common executive level job titles.