Quantitative reasoning uses mathematical skills to solve problems involving numbers and data. Different from qualitative reasoning, which probes the “whats” and “whys” of an issue or problem, quantitative reasoning asks “How many?”
Explicate the Term
To define “quantitative reasoning,” focus on the definition of the two words. When you quantify something, you use math, measure or count. When you reason, you draw valid and reliable conclusions from facts. Thus, quantitative reasoning is the process of developing conclusions and clarifying meaning through numbers.
A Necessary Skill
Quantitative reasoning requires basic competence with adding, subtracting, dividing, multiplying and computing percentages and fractions -- all the concepts included in a challenging word problem. For example, you will need quantitative reasoning skills to compute a 20-percent tip on a dinner bill or how much food to buy for 100 people if your boss tells you to ensure that you provide one-quarter-pound of meat for each attendee.
- College Board.org: Quantitative Reasoning on the Redesigned SAT
- University of Wyoming: Quantitative Reasoning: An Overview
- Imperial County Office of Education: Qualitative and Quantitative Research
- Wellesley College: The Ability to Think Clearly and Critically About Quantitative Issues Is Imperative ...
- ETS; What Is Quantitative Reasoning? Defining the Construct for Assessment Purposes; Carol Anne Dwyer et al.
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