What Are Some Italian Landforms?

Save

Italy, with its distinctive boot shape, is a European peninsula extending into the Mediterranean Sea. The country is mountainous with two major chains, the Alps in the north and the Apennines extending the length of the country. A cluster of volcanoes is located mostly in the south and southwest. In addition to the peaks, plains, rivers and foothills make up a major part of the geologic landscape of the Italian peninsula.

The Po-Venetian Plain

  • The Po-Venetian plain is located in northern Italy between the Adriatic Sea, the Alps and the Apennine mountains. The plain was once a gulf in a tectonic trough that filled over time with deposits from the seas, rivers and glaciers. Today, these deposits are almost 5 miles deep. The majority of the plain is flat. Once covered with forests that have since been harvested, the Po-Venetian plain is now considered the breadbasket of Italy for its rich agriculture land. Swamps and bogs are common throughout the plain.

The Italian Alps

  • The Italian Alps are part of the Alpine chain in Western Europe formed when the continents of Europe and Africa collided. The Italian Alps are divided into three parts: the Western, Central and Eastern Alps. The most famous peak in the Italian Alps is Monte Cervino, also known as the Matterhorn, located on the Swiss-Italian border.

The Apennines

  • The Apennines are a range of mountains that travel the length of the Italian peninsula for 830 miles ending on the island of Sicily. Often called the backbone of Italy, the Apennines are the source of most major rivers in the country. The highest peak in the Apennine range is Mount Corno at over 9,000 feet. Like the Po-Venetian plain, the Apennines were once heavily forested but due to thousands of years of human harvesting have now lost most of their forests.

Mount Vesuvius and Other Volcanic Structures

  • Italy has a large number of volcanic structures for such a small country, due mostly to convergence between the African and European continental plates. The most famous Italian volcano is Mount Vesuvius, part of the Somma-Vesuvius volcanic complex, known for the destruction of Pompeii and Herculaneum in 79 AD. Etna, Stromboli and Vulcano, active in vaying degrees, are other famous volcanoes on the Italian mainland and surrounding islands.

References

  • Photo Credit Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Getty Images
Promoted By Zergnet

Comments

Resources

You May Also Like

  • Geographic Landforms in Texas

    The state of Texas covers 7 percent of the land area of the United States and is only second in size to...

  • Landforms in Scandinavia

    Scandinavia is a distinctively isolated ethnic and geographic region located in Northern Europe, covering the whole Scandinavian Peninsula. It is comprised of...

  • Famous Landforms

    If you’re looking for an exciting place to go on vacation, consider going to one of the world’s most famous landforms. These...

  • The Different Types of Landforms

    Earth’s topography is made up of many different types of landforms. While the planet is covered primarily with water, the three major...

  • Important Landforms in Ohio

    The next time you're cruising through the Buckeye State, take the opportunity to pay a visit to one of Ohio's many natural...

  • Uses of Landforms

    A landform is a broad term referring to a geological feature on the earth's surface, such as mountains, tors (vertical crags of...

Related Searches

Check It Out

How to Travel For Free With Reward Points

M
Is DIY in your DNA? Become part of our maker community.
Submit Your Work!