Dishwasher detergent is a great invention, as it allows us to speed up the process of doing dishes. Most detergents contain the following three ingredients: sodium silicate, sodium carbonate and Sodium Dichloro-S-Triazinetrione dihydrate. Sodium silicate and sodium carbonate both make dishwater a more basic solution, and Sodium Dichloro-S-Triazinetrione dihydrate serves as an oxidizer, breaking down food chemicals. It does this by the chlorine atoms in the Sodium Dichloro-S-Triazinetrione dihydrate reacting with the basic environment to produce chlorine bleach.
Sodium silicate is a sodium-silicon compound with the formula Na2SiO3. It is a white powder that dissolves easily in water and raises the alkalinity of the resulting solution.
Sodium carbonate is a sodium-carbon compound with the formula Na2CO3. It dissolves easily in water and maintains an alkaline pH. The carbon in sodium carbonate also allows it to act as a water softener.
Sodium Dichloro-S-Triazinetrione dihydrate
Sodium Dichloro-S-Triazinetrione dihydrate has two chlorine atoms per molecule. When Sodium Dichloro-S-Triazinetrione dihydrate is added to a solution with water the chlorine and sodium react with the water to form chlorine bleach (formula NaClO). This step gives the detergent its cleaning power, as it is the bleach that dissolves food and other particles.
Other possible chemicals
Other chemicals in dishwasher detergent can include various proteases, which are enzymes that degrade proteins or a class of proteins, and amylase, which is an enzyme that we carry in our saliva which breaks down starches into simple sugars.
- Photo Credit Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Getty Images
Sodium Hypochlorite Vs. Calcium Hypochlorite
Sodium and calcium hypochlorite are disinfectants used in bleach and bleach products, purifying drinking water, swimming pools, ponds and wastewater. Sodium and...
Liquid Chlorine Vs. Powder
The debate over using liquid chlorine vs. the powder form is always a concern for owners and operators of pools and spas....
Sodium Silicate for Sealing an Engine Block
Once relegated to the relative obscurity of technical jargon, the words "sodium silicate" (a.k.a. liquid glass) have gained some notoriety of late....
What Is Sodium Carbonate & Sodium Percarbonate?
Sodium carbonate and sodium percarbonate are both used in cleaning, but sodium carbonate has a wider range of applications. Sodium carbonate is...
Harmful Chemicals in Laundry Detergent
Laundry detergent makes our clothes and linens smell great, removes stains and even helps clothes look fresh and new. Conventional laundry detergents,...
How to Make Sodium Ascorbate
Sodium ascorbate, not to be confused with ascorbic acid, has far-reaching health benefits according to a number of medical studies. Taken in...
How to Use Chlorine Bleach Around Plants
Chlorine bleach is used in many households as a disinfectant and as an effective cleaning solution. The sodium hypochlorite solution is highly...
How to Use Sodium Silicate As a Detergent
Detergents are used in cleaning household surfaces, dishes and washing laundry. Sodium silicate is a building agent used in many commercial detergents....