Factors That Influence Motivation at Work

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Full-time jobs can become monotonous. For companies to encourage their employees to stay on task and advance in their work, motivation may be an appropriate strategy. Companies that wish to use motivational strategies to influence employee work effectiveness must know the factors that can inspire employees to increase their levels of motivation at work.

Money

  • Money is one of the most important factors of work motivation. By offering higher salaries and bonuses, companies can influence workers to increase work productivity. There are many ways for a company to employ money as a motivational tool. Some methods are raises as rewards and pay cuts as punishments, the offer of overtime pay for employees who choose to stay beyond the hours for they are obliged to stay and benefits such as paid holidays and pension plans.

Trust and Honesty

  • Companies can offer their trust and honesty to employees as a cost-free method of inspiring higher rates of productivity. While simple concepts such as trust and honesty do not intuitively seem like they have the ability to motivate workers, they in fact lead to a mutual understanding between the employees and employers. This understanding is that the company is organized under a shared culture in which neither side will attempt to deceive the other. A positive work environment that supports fairness encourages workers to perform their jobs according to their responsibilities. This allows companies to avoid the phenomenon of employees evading work responsibilities as well as contributes to a sense of fairness and equality in the workplace in which every employee has equal importance. Since the idea of fairness and honesty is set by the company, this can be a useful strategy in maintaining order in the workplace.

Meaningfulness

  • The meaningfulness of an individual's job can influence how hard she works at that job. Companies can foster a sense of meaningfulness by providing employees information about their jobs and what the end results of their work will be. The company should also inform employees how they are an important part of the company in an internal sense--that is, the employees of a company rely on each other to create a meaningful composite result.

Freedom

  • Giving workers more freedom tends to lead to higher levels of motivation. In contrast, establishing new rules and policies lead to lower levels of motivation. A company can rethink its rules to decide which may be bigger barriers to freedom than are catalysts to efficiency. By doing so, companies can create a sense of freedom in the work environment, leading to a higher level of motivation in the workforce.

References

  • "Work Motivation in Organizational Behavior"; Craig C. Pinder; 2008
  • "Work Motivation: Past, Present and Future"; Ruth Kanfer, et. al.; 2008
  • "Work Motivation: History, Theory, Research and Practice"; Gary P. Latham; 2007
  • Photo Credit Jupiterimages/Goodshoot/Getty Images
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