The eight parts of speech are nouns, verbs, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions and interjections. These are to be practiced using the same teaching methodologies used to teach other materials. These teaching methodologies vary in advantages and disadvantages; to help your students practice the eight parts of speech, choose a methodology that works best for your class's attention capabilities, time constraints and level of understanding of the subject.
Lectures are often the top choice when introducing new concepts, so if your students are just being introduced to the eight parts of speech, lectures may prove useful. Using lectures teachers relay information directly to students. Teachers can incorporate slide shows on large screens. Lecturing is a teacher-dominated methodology, in which the audience takes a passive stance to your teaching. Lectures also make it difficult for you to gauge audience retention. However, lectures are useful with large groups of students and stimulate thinking and open discussion when done properly. For a good lecture, provide a clear, short introductory and summary of what the lecture will cover. Keep each slide limited to a few bullet points, and provide a couple of examples for each part of speech. Stop every 10 minutes to ask open-ended questions like, "What have you learned so far in this lesson?" Help students practice by giving examples of each point your cover.
Worksheets on the eight parts of speech can include sentences with blanks that require students to fill in an appropriate word, as well as identify what part of speech the word is. For instance, the first question would state, "Sally ran (blank) through the woods." Students must fill in the blank with an example of the correct part of speech that fits in the blank, such as "quickly" or "slowly." They must then identify what part of speech; here, it's "adverb." Worksheets are beneficial, as they allow students to think for themselves without the influence of others. They can also promote a lengthy all-class discussion on what the worksheet covered. In addition, you can adjust the length of the worksheet to meet classroom time constraints and level of understanding.
Simulations are activities that give students real-life problem situations and require them to problem-solve as if they were actually a part of the situation. This requires that they have a firm grasp on the eight parts of speech and their functions. Try simulating a news experience, wherein you provide each student with a sample news article you have written. In this article are many errors, such as incorrect adverb or preposition use and placement. Students must spend a designated amount of time sifting through the story to edit out the incorrect word and replace it or rearrange the sentence so that the word usage is correct. With simulations, students use their decision-making skills independently of others, make mistakes and test their skills. Provide more than one simulation per exercise so that students can learn from their mistakes.
Index card practice is to be done at school in pairs or at home. These cards may feature a part of speech on one side and its definition on the other, or a part of speech on one side and an example of how to use the part of speech in a sentence. These provide, in part, the same benefits of small group discussions; students can bounce ideas off their partner and both students can participate in decision making. They also provide benefits much like simulation if done alone; the students can hone their decision-making skills and test their skills. However, in both methods of using index cards, you can't guarantee your students are using their study time to maximum potential. If working with cards in class, guide students or pairs if they get sidetracked and answer any questions if both parties reach an incorrect consensus on the material.
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