The predecessor to Toyota's best-selling Tacoma line was a model with a rather straightforward name: the "Toyota Pickup." Toyota sold 4-wheel drive (4WD) models of the 1991 Pickup in two trim levels: Deluxe and SR5. The company offered the Deluxe trim with a regular cab or with an "Xtra" cab, and in one of two bed lengths. In 1991, Toyota offered antilock brakes and equipped all of the Pickup's engines with fuel injection for the first time.
In 1991, Toyota installed one of two engines in the 4WD Pickup: The base model was a 2.4-liter, in-line four-cylinder engine. This engine's bore measured 3.62 inches and its stroke measured 3.5 inches, and it had a compression ratio of 9.3-to-1. It had a multiport fuel injection system. Each cylinder had two valves. Toyota's 2.4-liter engine produced 116 horsepower at 4,800 rpm and 140 foot-pounds of torque at 2,800 rpm.
Toyota also installed a 3.0-liter V-6 engine, which it offered as standard in the SR5 trim and as an upgrade for the Deluxe. This engine had a bore of 3.5 inches and a stroke of 3.14 inches. It also used a multiport fuel injection system, and each cylinder had two valves. This engine had a compression ratio of 9.1-to-1 and produced 150 horsepower at 5,000 rpm and 185 foot-pounds of torque at 3,750 rpm.
In 1991, Toyota installed two standard transmissions in its 4WD Pickup trucks. The SR5 trim and the Deluxe Xtra Cab or regular cab with the four-cylinder engine in either bed length used a four-speed automatic with overdrive. A Deluxe with the V-6 and the regular cab featured a five-speed manual transmission in either bed length. The Deluxe trim with the V-6 and the Xtra Cab also used the four-speed automatic. Toyota's 4WD Pickups had manual locking hubs that enabled on-the-fly shifting into four-wheel drive.
Fuel economy for these models depended on the engine and transmission and bed length. A 1991, the Deluxe regular cab Pickup equipped with the in-line four-cylinder engine, four-speed automatic and the short bed earned 18 mpg during city driving and 19 mpg on the highway. An SR5 model, with its 3.0-liter V-6 and automatic transmission was rated at 15 mpg in the city and 19 mpg on the highways. Deluxe models with the V-6, regular cab and five-speed manual transmission earned 16 mpg in the city and 19 mpg on the highways. The Deluxe with the four-cylinder, regular cab, long bed and five-speed transmission was rated at 19 mpg in the city and 22 mpg on the highways.
According to Edmunds, a Deluxe with the regular cab and the regular bed had a maximum payload of 1,400 pounds.
The dimensions of the 1991 4WD Pickup depended on the cab size and bed length. These trucks spanned 174.4 inches (regular cab, short bed), 185.8 inches (regular cab, long bed) or 193.1 inches (Xtra cab) in length, with a corresponding wheelbase of 103, 112.2 or 121.9 inches. Models with the regular cab had a height of 67.1 inches; the Xtra cab boosted the height to 67.3 inches. All models spanned 66.5 inches in width. Weight ranged from 3,360 pounds for the Deluxe regular cab with the four-cylinder engine and five-speed transmission to 3,830 pounds for the SR5 with its V-6 and four-speed automatic. The regular cab models sat three across the front bench seat, while the Xtra cab and SR5 featured front bucket seats and sat five.
Standard features on all models included power brakes and cloth seating with upgrades such as an AM/FM stereo, tinted glass, chrome bumpers and power steering and door locks, among others. SR5 models came equipped with rear wheel ABS, AM/FM stereo and power steering, power mirrors and windows and a moonroof as some of the optional features.
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