Several different species of the red oak tree exist, each with a prime geographic growing locale that will dictate the pace at which this tree grows. Generally speaking, red oak jumps to an impressive height and width in a relatively short period of time. The tree showcases the grandeur so often associated with the oak family.
How fast a red oak tree grows can also be contingent upon its geographic location and particular species. The Northern red oak thrives in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) hardiness zones 3 through 8, while the Texas red oak is considered hardy to USDA zones 5B through 9A. The Southern red oak (Quercus falcate) is hardy in zones 7 through 9, an area that encompasses the southern U.S. and states along the Atlantic and Pacific coasts.
Northern Red Oak
The Northern red oak (Quercus rubra) is considered to be a fast grower which, according to the Arbor Day Foundation, denotes a tree that grows in excess of 24 inches annually. It typically achieves a height of between 60 and 75 feet, so the red oak requires approximately 30 years to reach its full height potential. The tree regularly claims a canopy spread of 45 feet.
Southern Red Oak
The Southern red oak grows to a height of between 60 and 80 feet with a canopy spread of 60 to 70 feet. It is considered to have a medium rate of growth which, according to the Arbor Day Foundation, indicates a tree that grows between 13 and 24 inches annually. The trunk is a straight grower with branches well spaced and attached strongly to the tree. The only disease likely to severely damage or kill this tree is oak wilt.
Texas Red Oak
The Texas red oak (Quercus texana) grows to a height of 80 feet with a canopy spread of between 50 and 60 feet. A moderate grower accumulating additional height of between 13 and 24 inches annually, the tree demands full sunshine to achieve its optimum rate of growth. A drought-tolerant tree that still appreciates moist and rich soil -- either alkaline or slightly acidic -- the Texas oak is also highly susceptible to fatal injury via oak wilt.
- Photo Credit Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Getty Images
How Fast Do Red Maple Trees Grow?
The yellow, orange and red fall foliage of maple trees makes them a favorite among homeowners. There are several types of maple...
How Fast Does a Purple Smoke Tree Grow?
The royal purple smoke tree, or Cotinus coggygria, produces large purple flowers in the spring and early summer. It works well for...
How Much Water Do Red Oak Trees Need?
In North America, two different species of red oak grow well to provide shade in spacious landscapes. Northern red oak (Quercus rubra)...
How to Identify Red Oak, Black Oak, & Bur Oak Trees
The oak tree is a member of the beech family of trees and several species of oaks exist in North America. Three...
How to Identify Texas Oak Trees
Almost any kind of oak tree can grow in Texas. Texas produces the ideal climate for most oaks, and the eastern part...
Common Oak Trees of Texas
Oak trees are a common sight in the state of Texas. With more than 50 varieties throughout the state, these species are...