How Fast Do Red Oak Trees Grow?

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Several different species of the red oak tree exist, each with a prime geographic growing locale that will dictate the pace at which this tree grows. Generally speaking, red oak jumps to an impressive height and width in a relatively short period of time. The tree showcases the grandeur so often associated with the oak family.

Hardiness Zones

  • How fast a red oak tree grows can also be contingent upon its geographic location and particular species. The Northern red oak thrives in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) hardiness zones 3 through 8, while the Texas red oak is considered hardy to USDA zones 5B through 9A. The Southern red oak (Quercus falcate) is hardy in zones 7 through 9, an area that encompasses the southern U.S. and states along the Atlantic and Pacific coasts.

Northern Red Oak

  • The Northern red oak (Quercus rubra) is considered to be a fast grower which, according to the Arbor Day Foundation, denotes a tree that grows in excess of 24 inches annually. It typically achieves a height of between 60 and 75 feet, so the red oak requires approximately 30 years to reach its full height potential. The tree regularly claims a canopy spread of 45 feet.

Southern Red Oak

  • The Southern red oak grows to a height of between 60 and 80 feet with a canopy spread of 60 to 70 feet. It is considered to have a medium rate of growth which, according to the Arbor Day Foundation, indicates a tree that grows between 13 and 24 inches annually. The trunk is a straight grower with branches well spaced and attached strongly to the tree. The only disease likely to severely damage or kill this tree is oak wilt.

Texas Red Oak

  • The Texas red oak (Quercus texana) grows to a height of 80 feet with a canopy spread of between 50 and 60 feet. A moderate grower accumulating additional height of between 13 and 24 inches annually, the tree demands full sunshine to achieve its optimum rate of growth. A drought-tolerant tree that still appreciates moist and rich soil -- either alkaline or slightly acidic -- the Texas oak is also highly susceptible to fatal injury via oak wilt.

References

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