Phlebotomists are clinical laboratory technicians. They draw blood and other bodily fluids and prepare samples for laboratory analysis. Phlebotomists typically hold at least a high school diploma and have either on-the-job training or undergo a formal training program through a vocation school, technical institute or community college. Licensure of phlebotomists varies by state. Nevada considers phlebotomists to be either lab assistants or office lab assistants, both of which require certification. Phlebotomists are among the lowest paid of all clinical laboratory technicians, according to the U.S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
Annual wages for clinical laboratory technicians from all medical specialties, including phlebotomists, from across the United States ranged from less than $23,850 to more than $55,210 as of May 2009, according to the BLS. The middle 50 percent of technicians earned between $28,770 and $45,420 per year with a median annual income of $36,030. Salary.com placed the annual median national salary for phlebotomists at $29,214 as of April 2011.
The bottom 10 percent of clinical lab technicians, including phlebotomists, who worked in Nevada earned annual wages of less than $23,090 while the top 10 percent earned in excess of $51,040 as of May 2009, according to the BLS. The middle 50 percent earned between $26,690 and $40,640 per year with a median annual income of $32,180. The mean hourly wage for all clinical laboratory technicians, including phlebotomists, in Nevada was $16.69.
Nevada is a large western state with a population of approximately 2.7 million people. Close to 2 million people live in the Las Vegas metropolitan area in the southern region of the state. Phlebotomists who worked in the Las Vegas area earned a median annual income of $29,097 as of April 2011, according to Salary.com. The western region of the state is home to Nevada's other major metropolitan area which includes the capital city of Carson City as well as Reno. Phlebotomists who worked in this region earned a median annual income of $29,477.
New employment opportunities for clinical laboratory technicians such as phlebotomists should expand by 14 percent between 2008 and 2018, according to the BLS. The state of Nevada requires phlebotomists to hold at least a high school diploma and to be certified by the state. Phlebotomists may improve their employment opportunities by seeking formal training and by becoming certified in other clinical lab specialties.