When planting a garden, deciding where to plant each specific vegetable is an important part of the process. Some plants don't do as well when planted next to each other. Certain plants compete with each other, others transmit disease and some attract the wrong kinds of pests. If you plant these types of plants next to each other, both plants often suffer.
Potatoes and Tomatoes
Not all diseases travel rapidly between different varieties of vegetables. However, if you plant vegetables next to each other that transmit diseases, a large portion of your garden could be wiped out. This is why potatoes and tomatoes shouldn't be planted next to each other. Blight travels between the two plant types and could wipe out the entire section of your garden.
Cabbage and Strawberries
If you grow anything related to the cabbage family, do not grow it next to strawberries. Strawberries in the vicinity severely affect the growth of any plant in the cabbage family. In addition to cabbage itself, this includes broccoli, Brussels sprouts and kale.
Onions and Peas
Keep onions away from beans peas and asparagus. Plant growth is negatively affected when these plants are located close to each other. Because garlic has some properties similar to onions, they also make bad plants to locate next to peas and asparagus. Onions do work well when planted with strawberries, and are actually recommended as a companion plant for strawberries.
Corn and Tomatoes
Do not plant corn and tomatoes next to each other. This is due to an insect problem. Tomato plants attract a specific type of worm. These worms destroy not only the tomatoes but also ravage corn. This single bug is actually known by two different names, one for each plant. It is called the tomato fruit worm when infecting tomatoes but called the corn earworm when infesting corn.
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