Low-maintenance African daisies provide a burst of color from spring to fall. Available in hues of yellow, pink, white, red, orange and purple, the flowers can grow up to 1 1/2 feet tall. A black center sets off the vivid flower petals for contrast. Wait until the weather warms to get these started, and grow either from seed or via transplant.
African daisy flowers grow well either in the ground or in containers, but do best when planted in full sun. Well-draining soil helps keep the roots strong, and the flowers prefer a light loam. These flowers are drought-tolerant once established. This flower isn't invasive, but it can reseed in warm locations. Don't be surprised if you see volunteer daisies springing up the year after planting.
African daisies grow readily from seed, but can suffer if planted when the soil is too cold. Wait to plant them until the soil temperature measures 60 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Stick a thermometer into the ground to measure soil temperature. Either start the seeds indoors, six to eight weeks before the last frost date for your location, or sow them outdoors when the soil reaches the desired temperature. On average, the seeds take one to two weeks to germinate.
Fertilizing helps get African daisies off to a good start. Once you transplant seedlings into the garden, or when transplanting store-bought daisies, give them a dose of balanced fertilizer or incorporate manure or compost into the soil before planting. While they are drought tolerant, these flowers do need water. Water once a week until the soil becomes saturated, unless you receive adequate rainfall. During summer, watch for wilting leaves, an indication these flowers need water.
African daisies benefit from pruning during the growing season, to ensure a steady stream of new flowers. Cut flowers work well in bouquets, so snip away to enjoy these daisies in your home. The plants will bear new flowering growth where you made the cut. When your daisies have finished blooming, cut the stems down to the ground as part of a fall cleanup.
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