There are two types of aquatic biomes, also known as ecosystems. Freshwater biomes include rivers, streams and ponds; marine biomes are estuaries, shorelines, coral reefs and the ocean. Many types of animals and plants live in the marine ecosystem, including sharks, crabs, worms, seagrass, bulrush and alligator weed.
A variety of fish live in the ocean, including tuna, swordfish and sharks. The largest animal is the giant blue whale, which can grow to 80 feet long. The dolphin is another mammal occupying the ocean. Deep in the ocean you can find some bizarre creatures, such as the viper fish and the deep sea dragonfish. The giant squid and sniper eel also live in the ocean. Plant life begins as the ocean meets the land, as it feeds off sunlight. There are a lot of algae in the ocean, but they are not considered plants.
The shoreline is where the ocean meets the land. There are many plants in these areas, such as bulrush, a grass-like plant that grows up to 10 feet. Alligator weeds, which grow on dry land or in water, produce 1/2-inch flowers. Sandworms live on the shoreline, as do limpets, snail-like creatures that scrape algae from rocks. Crabs are a common feature of shorelines. The smooth bay shrimp lives in shallow water with a sand base.
Estuaries are where the ocean mixes with the freshwater of rivers or streams. Sedge is a spiky grass-like plant that grows in estuaries. Eelgrass also resembles grass; it is submerged in water as too much sunlight harms it. Invertebrates like mussels, snails and lugworms live in this habitat.
Coral is often mistaken for a plant. Corals are animals with hard skeletons on the outside of soft bodies. Clams, sea horses, sea urchins and starfish are all inhabitants of coral reefs. Sea grass is a common plant in coral reefs; its leaves are narrow, long and green.
What Kinds of Plants Live in the Aquatic Biome?
The aquatic biome is the largest of the five biomes that make up the Earth's biosphere. It is divided into two categories,...
Animals & Plants in Spain
Because of Spain's diverse geography and climates, there are a lot of different types of animals and plants that call Spain home....
Types of Terrestrial Ecosystems
An ecosystem is a community of living organisms and nonliving objects that are interrelated. An ecosystem is not limited by size. For...
How Do Plants & Animals Survive in the Arctic Tundra?
The Arctic tundra ecosystem, found in the far north polar area of the world, is characterized by cold temperatures, frozen soil called...
Interesting Facts About Plants That Live in the Marine Biome
Ecosystems consist of groups of interdependent organisms and the surrounding environment. Ecosystems are also referred to as biomes, although some scientists use...
10 Freshwater Lake Plants
Living organisms and nonliving matter form an ecosystem by working together. Lake ecosystems include sediment, H2O, microscopic organisms, fish, birds and plants....
Plants That Live in the Deep Sea
While you may not think about it, the deep sea has its own ecosystem with different plants and animals. The plants and...