Before the intensified European settlement in the 18th century, Georgia was home to Native American tribes such as Cherokee, Creek, Apalachee, Oconee, and Timucua. Many tribes relied heavily on agriculture for sustenance, supplementing their diets with hunting and fish. Native Americans left many artifacts in Georgia.
The earliest evidence of Georgia human population is found along the Savannah River. Here, flacked micro-blades have been found that date back to 16,000 to 18,000 B.C. These are the oldest tools found in North America. Paleolithic Clovis arrowheads found in the Bartow County portion of Georgia, date back 12,000 years.
Pottery is one of the most common artifacts discovered in Georgia. Pottery is a common find for both locals and archeologists. Most Georgia pottery is created from a paste that is made with sand. Georgia pottery was commonly painted with designs in red, black, or white. In conjunction with the pottery, decorative pins are found at the Native American sites.
"Dalton point" is a well-known hunting artifact found in Georgia. The Dalton point is similar in shape to a spear point, and it is thought to have been a versatile tool that could be used as a projectile, as a hunting and butchering tool, and as a scraper for creating pottery and forming tools. Carbon dating shows that the Dalton point was created around 8,500 B.C.
Mysterious mounds found across North Georgia are thought to be lasting evidence of the Archaic, Adena, Hopewell, and Mississippian tribes. The earliest mound complex, known as Poverty Point, is dated to be more than 4,000 years old. Although the weathered mounds form a half-circle, they were thought to have originally formed a complete circle, as found at other sites in Georgia.