Types of Educational Leadership Theories


The key to an effective academic institution is to have a great educational leader in charge. Leadership is the ability to create a unified vision among followers, set goals, develop strategies to meet desired accomplishments and motivate, encourage and serve as a positive and ethical example to others. A good educational leader understands what needs to get done to improve academic conditions and the student experience. However, various theories of leadership styles exist in education, which determine the relationship the leader has with others as well as how he goes about leading.

Facilitative Leadership

  • The facilitative leader does not adhere to the traditional top-down hierarchical structure, where decisions are made solely at the highest level. Rather, a facilitative leader uses a collective approach to decision-making that solicits the input and opinions of others so that the best overall improvements can be made. Facilitative leaders are interested in involving others, which is a positive leadership trait in the education field because it encourages innovation and independence from teachers and other school administrators. This collective decision-making model employed by facilitative leaders helps the educational system make progress because the group input allows leaders to understand the needs of students, classrooms and communities.

Transformational Leadership

  • In the education system, many leaders use a transformational leadership style to build up the confidence of followers as the school works through organizational or systematic changes. Since the education system is always reorganizing and developing, transformational leaders are ideal for helping teachers, students, parents, faculty and communities grasp a new vision and be led and motivated. Educational leaders who use a transformational style have a way of communicating with others, getting the masses on board with a unified vision and helping people see the benefits of outcomes through change.

Instructional Leadership

  • Instructional educational leaders are concerned with improving curriculum, monitoring student behaviors in the classroom, evaluating student test scores, improving the work of teachers and closely supervising school academic progress goals. These leaders work closely with teachers to identify weak areas that need improving, and to develop classroom standards of student behaviors and academic standing. This style of leadership is often employed in schools that have fallen behind academically or are experiencing behavioral problems among the students.

Administrative Leadership

  • Administrative leadership is a leadership theory that is focused on administrative policy, bureaucracy, accountability and school procedures. This leadership style is important, but cannot stand alone successfully in the education world since it does not typically concentrate enough on student and teacher well-being. These leaders are less invested in personal relationships -- unlike transformational leaders -- and are more concerned with following rules and maintaining order.


  • Photo Credit Jupiterimages/BananaStock/Getty Images
Promoted By Zergnet


You May Also Like

  • Leadership Theories & Models

    Theories behind leadership suggest that particular traits, behaviors and influential abilities determine whether a leader is effective or not. Some leadership styles...

  • Types of Educational Supervision

    Educational supervisors lead and oversee educators and students in all types of education settings. Supervisors, who often hold graduate or doctoral degrees,...

  • Principal Leadership Styles

    Leadership styles can vary from manager to manager and from situation to situation. In 1939, Kurt Lewin identified several styles of leadership:...

  • Management Leadership Styles

    A manager's leadership style may seem to be set in concrete, hard and unchanging. Or it may be fluid, changing to adapt...

  • Types of Leadership in School Administration

    The school administrator is the linchpin for success in the educational environment. It is difficult to determine which leadership style or combination...

  • Leadership Styles in Secondary Schools

    Leadership styles of teachers and principals within a school often shape the way students learn and grow both as leaders in the...

  • What Are Some Leadership Theories?

    The study of leadership is a longstanding academic discipline, dating back at least to the time of Plato, as well as an...

  • Theories Of Educational Supervision

    Educational supervision -- also known as educational leadership or management -- is a complex topic. School systems around the world subscribe to...

  • Types of Behavioral Theories

    Psychological behaviorism developed during the mid 19th and early 20th centuries. According to Robert H. Wozniak from Bryn Mawr College, behaviorist researchers...

  • Different Types of Learning in Psychology

    Psychologists have come up with many different theories to explain what actually happens when someone learns something. Behavioral learning theory, cognitive learning...

Related Searches

Check It Out

Can You Take Advantage Of Student Loan Forgiveness?

Is DIY in your DNA? Become part of our maker community.
Submit Your Work!