Fundamentals of Management & Organizational Behavior

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Organizational behavior can explain a lot about the relationship between a manager and his subordinates.

Organizational behavior is a field of study that examines the relationships between individuals in an organization and the way those people are motivated and behave. Understanding organizational behavior and what it can explain about employee interactions can help managers better understand how to deal with issues involving power and authority, resource allocation, support and teamwork.

  1. Power and Authority

    • One of the roles of a manager is to be a decision-maker and an authority figure. Generally, this is a manager's least favorite aspect of the management position, although there is a wide spectrum of preferences and practices on this issue. At one extreme is what is known as the authoritarian model, which holds that an employer's role should predominately be to dish out tasks to employees and discipline them if those tasks are not completed. On the other end of the spectrum would be a more collaborative or collegial model of management in which the manager and employee work more as a team.

    Distribution of Resources

    • Another way organizational behavior figures into the management role is with the distribution of resources to employees. With a limited number of resources available, employees rely on their manager to help them acquire the tools they need to accomplish their tasks. One popular model of management is the supportive style, in which the main role of the manager is to provide employees with the tools they need to do their jobs. In this sense, the manager takes on a sort of liaison role between her employees and the rest of the organization.

    Support

    • Distributing resources is one of many ways a manager offers support to their employees. Managers also have an important role as an advocate on behalf of their employees when dealing with upper management or other departments within an organization. In addition, employees rely on their managers to support them through sharing their expertise and experience.

    Teamwork

    • Managers are also important for facilitating teamwork within their departments. In fact, one popular model of management within organizational behavior is the collegial model, which considers a manager and her employees more of a partnership relationship than a hierarchical relationship. In this sense, a manager and an employee see each other as team members working toward the same goal and with different strengths to contribute and roles to play in achieving those goals.

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