Splitting wood is done with different tools depending on the desires of the person doing the cutting. Cutting large quantities of firewood uses a different tool than cutting a smaller amount just for the fireplace. Every kind of wood splitting tool available from machinery to hand tools will split wood for the purpose of removal or burning.
A wood splitter is a machine that runs on either gasoline or electricity that splits the wood with a hydraulic drive. The tool sits horizontally or vertically depending on the type of wood splitter and the manufacturer. The design of the machine is for splitting large quantities of wood or wood with a large diameter. The motor controls a hydraulic drive that presses the wood into a blade or splitting device. The hydraulics do all the splitting and the operator only loads the tool as each piece is split or cut.
The axe is the most common wood splitting tool available to the consumer. A person chops down onto the log or piece of wood with the sharpened blade, splitting the wood into pieces. An axe has a single edge or can be double-edged, where both sides of the head can split the wood. The handle on an axe ranges from 18 inches to 36 inches long and is made from hard plastic or wood similar to the handle of a sledge hammer.
The maul is a wood splitting tool that has a cutting blade on one side of the head and a mallet or hammer type face on the other side of the head. A maul weighs much more than an axe and provides more cutting or splitting power. The head of the maul acts as a wedge that once engaged into the wood allows the cutter to use a mallet to knock the maul head through the log.
A cutting wedge is another common wood splitting tool that requires a sledge hammer or hammering device to knock the wedge through the wood. Attachments, such as the splitting driver, will allow the wedge to slam through the log or wood after aligning the wedge onto the face of the wood. The driver slams down onto the wedge driving the wedge through the wood and splitting the log. Inserting the wedge into the face of the wood and knocking the wedge in order to split the wood is done manually.
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