Teaching of Science in Primary Schools

It is important that students in the primary grades are taught the foundations of science, because this will strengthen their abilities, interest and confidence in scientific exploration. Being comfortable with the scientific process and the basic science curriculum will allow students to investigate and better understand the world around them.

  1. Safety First

    • Students in the primary grades are getting their first introduction to science. For this reason, it is imperative to stress the importance of safety. Make sure that students understand the need to listen to and follow instructions during science experiments. Even though the experiments that you will be doing with the younger grades will not be as perilous as what students will encounter later in their schooling, teaching them the importance of rules and safety procedures will encourage them to be careful and meticulous when approaching science activities. Make sure that you give clear safety instructions before each science assignment, monitor students during the activity, and evaluate how well students adhere to the outlined safety regulations.

    Motivate Students

    • Create enthusiasm for science by allowing students to participate in hands-on science experiments, engaging discussions, field trips and interesting debates. Encourage curiosity and inquiry as part of the science experience. Have a variety of relevant and up-to-date resources available to students to use during science activities. Show the students how to use the resources while still giving them freedom to explore and experiment. Also, include parents in the learning process. Send information home on what science activities are happening in the classroom. Ask parents to help provide input and resources. This will make students feel more supported in their science endeavors.

    Teach Process

    • Familiarize students with the scientific process. It begins with a question that will be researched. Next you must develop a hypothesis; this is your best guess as to how the experiment will turn out. Collect required materials needed and complete the experiment in a controlled, step-by-step manner. Record the results and then write the conclusion by comparing the hypothesis to the actual outcome. Teaching the proper inquiry procedures is more important than the actual content of each science lesson. When students have the foundations of how to conduct a scientific experiment, then they will be able to apply this process again and again. It is pertinent to their education and their exploration of the world in general.

    Lesson Content

    • Choose content that is from a variety of science categories, such as biology, chemistry, engineering, physics, and astronomy, to name a few. Also, try to teach material that connects and relates to other subjects you are teaching. For example, if you are studying land formations in geography, you can teach how that connects to weather patterns from a scientific perspective. A cross-curricular approach allows students to make connections between the disciplines, thereby giving students the opportunity to understand scientific concepts in a more holistic manner.

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