Doctors that specialize in get paid an average of $153,000 more than doctors that go into primary care, according to the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics. Surgeons that go into a specific surgical specialty usually complete a 5-year general surgery residency program followed by a fellowship in their desired specialty.
Cardiothoracic surgeons in the United States earn a median salary of $401,357 a year, according to Salary.com. Cardiothoracic surgeons surgically treat problems in the heart, lung, chest cavity and major blood vessels.
Neurosurgeons in the United States earn a median salary of $541,000, according to Salary.com. The most experienced neurosurgeons can earn as much as $936,000 making it one of the highest-paid surgical specialties. Neurosurgeons require more training than any other type of doctor, a total of 14 years.
Reconstructive Plastic Surgeon
Reconstructive plastic surgeons in the United States earn a median salary of $321,017 annually, according to Salary.com. Reconstructive plastic surgeons perform surgery on patients with abnormal body structures from trauma and developmental problems.
The median salary for pediatric surgeons in the United States is $355,838, according to Salary.com. Pediatric surgeons specialize in the surgical treatment of children and newborn babies. Many premature babies have heart defects that need to be corrected by a pediatric surgeon.
The median salary for orthopedic surgeons in the United States is $409,405, according to Salary.com. Orthopedic surgeons specialize in treating broken bones and related issues like torn tendons. In addition, patients that need a joint replacement also fall under the jurisdiction of an orthopedic surgeon.
The average salary for colorectal surgeons in the United States is $291,000, according to Salary.com. Colorectal surgeons are often general surgeons as well and their salary often correlates to the number of surgeries they perform, according to the Student Doctor Network.
The average salary for maxillofacial surgeons in the United States is $211,766, according to CNN Money. Maxillofacial surgeons perform surgery on the jaw, mouth, neck and related areas of the head.
Vascular surgeons earn an average of $329,000 in the United States, according to Student Doctor Network. The job of a vascular surgeon entails repairing blocked and damaged arteries and vessels found throughout the body. Common conditions that vascular surgeons treat include coronary heart disease and atherosclerosis. Both can be life-threatening and lead to a heart attack.