As the culinary website Fondue Bits explains, the word fondue is derived from fonder, the French word for "to melt." As the etymology indicates, fondue pairs a hot sauce, often made from melted cheese or chocolate, with bread, meat, fruit or other ingredients dipped into the sauce. Pairing dipping ingredients with sauces tastefully is vital, so deciding on your sauces first can help you design your menu.
According to the website Best Fondue, broth-based fondues are a healthy option, as they do not contain as much fat or calories as other fondue sauces. The website suggests matching the broth to the dipping ingredients; chicken broth for chicken, pork broth for pork and vegetable broth for vegetables. Best Fondue explains that only copper, stainless steel or cast iron pots should be used for broth-based fondues, as they can withstand the temperatures needed for this type of fondue.
The website Fondue Bits explains that oil-based fondues are a popular choice for meat fondue. Because of the use of oil, this type of fondue is high in fat and calories, but is low in carbohydrates, as neither oil nor meat provide significant amounts of carbohydrates. Fondue Bits suggests using oils such as peanut, vegetable or canola oil for this type of fondue.
Chocolate fondue is typically used for dessert, and the Simply Recipes website calls making this type of fondue "laughably simple," as it can be made from just dark chocolate and heavy cream. To spice up chocolate fondue, you may want to mix in flavoring extracts such as orange or mint. Simply Recipes explains that you can use a wide variety of dipping ingredients, including fruit, brownies, cake or marshmallows.
Culinary website Gourmet Sleuth explains that cheese-based fondue is a traditional Swiss dish, with at least two types of cheese included in most fondue. The websites notes that most traditional recipes feature Gruyere and Emmentaler, although you can use any cheese you prefer. Bread and meat are usually dipped into cheese fondue.
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