A bachelor degree in biology leaves your opportunities open for a number of occupations within the fields of life science. Biology is a broad topic; it is recommended that you specify or emphasize in a particular area of biology. As a biological scientist -- whichever the specification -- you will perform research of fundamental life processes, then you will apply that understanding and conclusiveness to developing and bettering of new and existing products or processes. Unless, you have acquired a doctorate degree in biology, you will work on a team with others, all supervised and instructed by a senior researcher. If you should have an MBA in addition to your bachelor degree in biology, you would qualify for scientific or healthcare managerial positions.
Healthcare executives or administrators plan, direct, coordinate and supervise healthcare delivery. They specialize over specific hospital or clinical departments, or they are general managers of entire facilities. Healthcare executives should be familiar with managerial principles and practices, and have an MBA with a life science background. They must be prepared to adapt and apply technological innovations, facilitate a complex environment and integrate healthcare delivery systems. Healthcare executives held about 283,500 jobs in 2008. Median annual wages for healthcare executives were $80,240 in May 2008.
Biochemists, also called biological chemists, focus on the chemical composition of living organisms, complex life and other living phenomena. Biochemists also conduct research to further understand complex metabolic, reproductive, heretic, and growth-based chemical combinations and reactions. Biochemists help determine food and drug effects, as well as hormone and serum effects, on living and vital tissue and organisms. The Food and Drug Administration is a large employer of biochemists. Biochemists held about 23,200 jobs in 2008; a percentage of those were also biophysicists. Median annual wages for biochemists and biophysicists were $82,840 as of May 2008.
Zoologist, also called wildlife biologists, focus on the life processes of animals and wildlife, including their genetics, diseases and behaviors. Zoologists collect and analyze biological data to determine any environmental effects present. Marine biologists, a subdivision of zoologists, study wildlife in the different saltwater habitats of the world. Subdivisions of zoologists include ornithologists, mammalogists, herpetologists and ichthyologists. Zoologists held about 19,500 jobs in 2008. Median annual wages of zoologists and wildlife biologists were $55,290 as of May 2008.
Botanists, also called plant biologists, focus on the life processes of plant life and many aspects pertaining to plants -- including fungi, algae, flowering plants, lichens, conifers, mosses and ferns. Many botanists focus on one or two areas, such as plant physiologist, plant anatomist or plant pathologist. A majority of botanists are hired at commercial industries, educational institutions, federal agencies and state agencies. As of May 2009, botanists for the federal government earned an annual average of $72,792.
Microbiologists, also called microbial bio-technologists, focus on microscopic organisms such as bacteria, protozoa, algae, fungi and viruses. Different areas of microbiology include quality assurance for pharmaceutical, agricultural and chemical industries. Deeper emphasis and specializations include bacteriologist, immunologist and virologist. Microbiologists held about 16,900 jobs in 2008. Median annual wages for microbiologists were $64,350 as of May 2008.
- Bureau of Labor Statistics: Occupational Outlook 2010-11 Edition: Biological Scientists
- Bureau of Labor Statistics: Standard Occupational Classification Definitions 2010
- Society for Industrial Microbiology: Career Information: Microbiology
- Botanical Society of America: Careers: Why Choose a Career in Botany?
- Botanical Society of America: Careers: Opportunities
- Bureau of Labor Statistics: Occupational Outlook 2010-11 Edition: Health Services Managers
- Photo Credit Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Getty Images
- Bureau of Labor Statistics: Forms: The Guide to Personnel Data Standards
- Emporia State University: Department of Biological Sciences: Careers in Biology
- Botanical Society of America: Careers: Salaries and Availability of Jobs
- USA Today: Education: Careers Today: Add Science and Business Mathematics
- Nature Network: Forums: Biotechnology Management Forum: A View from the Top
- CBS Interactive: Business Network: Leadership: Kellogg Center for Biotechnology Management