Cabbage is a member of the cruciferous family of vegetables. Although it has a bit of a bad reputation as having an unpleasant odor if over cooked, cabbage is loaded with vitamins and nutrients and may have some cancer-fighting properties. Incorporating cabbage into your diet can help you meet the recommended daily quantity of two and a half to three cups of vegetables per day.
One cup of raw shredded cabbage contains 25.6 milligrams of vitamin C, which is around 30 percent of the daily recommended value of 75 milligrams for women and roughly 28 percent of the 90 milligrams for men. Vitamin C cannot be made by the body and is therefore an important dietary component. It is necessary for the growth and repair of bodily tissues such as skin, ligaments, tendons, and blood vessels, as well as the repair of cartilage, bones, and teeth. A lack of vitamin C is associated with anemia, swollen joints, a weakened immune system and bleeding gums.
Cabbage is also a good source of vitamin K, and containing 53.2 micrograms per cup, which is more than 70 percent of the daily recommended value of 70 micrograms for women, and almost 60 percent of the recommended intake of 90 micrograms for men. Vitamin K, also known as the "clotting vitamin," is the nutrient responsible for the blood's ability to coagulate. People with vitamin K deficiency often have an elevated sensitivity to bruising and other problems related to bleeding.
One cup of shredded red cabbage contains 993 international units of vitamin A, which is more than 30 percent of the recommended daily intake of 3,000 international units for men and the 2,333 international units recommended for women. Vitamin A aids in lubricating the outer tissue layers of the cornea, and it is also helps maintain healthy teeth, skin, skeletal tissue and mucous membranes. A lack of vitamin A in the diet can result in vision problems and the immune system's inability to fight infections.
One cup of shredded cabbage has many of the B vitamins. Cabbage contains folate, vitamin B-6, thiamin, riboflavin, pantothenic acid, and niacin. B vitamins play an important role in the body's production of energy by helping enzymes break down proteins and carbohydrates in the body. The B vitamins also help in the production and maintenance of DNA, and in the production of red blood cells.