Officers in the United States Army earn good salary and benefits. Captains carry the rating of “O-3,” and earn promotion from the rank of first lieutenant having demonstrated command experience and ability. A captain in the U.S. Army commands a company. The rank is immediately below that of major. Salaries for army captains start at a base level and increase with each two-year period.
Base pay for an O-3 captain with two years or less of experience in that rank stands at $44,543 annually. At four years, the base pay rate rises to $59,422, and at six years it reaches $62,266. The average annual salary of an army captain, according to the website Glassdoor.com, has reached $67,006.
Captains can also earn bonus pay, such as special duty pay. This is earned for tasks and assignments that demand special training, extraordinary effort and commitment. Special-duty pay ranges from $75 to $450 per month. Hardship pay, which maxes out at $150 per month, is earned by those on assignment in areas where conditions are especially difficult or dangerous, and who spend a minimum 30 days in that locaton.
The U.S. Army also pays a maximum of $1,000 per month for active-duty captains who have been certified as specialists in a foreign language that is critical to military operations. To be eligible, the candidate must demonstrate proficiency in the language and maintain the ability to speak and read it.
An Army captain who has qualified for a flight position — such as navigator or pilot — also earns flyer incentive pay of up to $840 per month, and those captains assigned to flight tasks may also earn flight crew pay.
The Army needs doctors and dentists for the Army Health Care Corps, and provides an incentive for officers who have trained in medical professions to remain in the military. The goal of medical pay is to make up the difference between base pay and the income earned by most civilian doctors and medical specialists.