What Are the Functions of HR Management?

An HR manager may join the Society for Human Resource Management.
An HR manager may join the Society for Human Resource Management. (Image: office image by Raimundas from Fotolia.com)

Human resources management is the practice within an organization of monitoring and managing all the practices and policies of the institution that affect the members of staff. An important aspect of business administration, HR management is predicated on excellent interpersonal and communications skills. The HR manager or management usually oversees a department team and reports to members of senior management.


Human resources management is primarily responsible for the advertisement and recruitment to fill vacant positions within the company. The manager liaises with in-house and external recruitment teams, designing vacancy notices and targeting suitable publications in which to place them. He is then involved with the selection of candidates to call for interviews, devising the interview process and any other selection procedures, and working with other members of management to choose the right candidate and determine the contract terms that will be offered to her.


Once a candidate has accepted an offer to join the company, her assessment during her time there will be conducted by the HR management team. Often taking place annually, such assessment is a dialectic process, allowing both sides to address any issues that have arisen. It enables the HR manager to offer training programs as applicable and to monitor the candidate's performance. The HR manager sometimes also determines any pay alterations and bonus payments.


If any disciplinary actions are to be taken within the company, it is the responsibility of the HR manager to implement them. He must ensure due process is adhered to, allowing the accused member of staff to have a platform to respond to the disciplinary action. If a disciplinary matter is serious enough to merit dismissal, the HR manager executes the dismissal process, ensuring it complies with legal requirements and ensuring the fired member of staff receives any monies due him.


Throughout the work of the HR manager, he must ensure that processes within the company follow all employment legislation. He must remain up-to-date with new legislation and alter company practice as necessary, making certain that all members of staff are aware of the changes. He must also ensure compliance with all health and safety regulations.

Pay and Conditions

In return for executing these duties, an HR manager can, according to data published by salary comparison website Payscale in January 2011, expect to receive an average salary of $44,839 to $73,861, dependent upon bonuses and profit sharing. The HR manager works an average of 35 to 40 hours per week, primarily in an office, although he sometimes is required to travel between premises if the company operates in multiple locations.

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