Learning the importance of teamwork is one of the stepping stones you need to be successful in both your career and personal life. Whether you're a part of a team at work or trying to organize your household members, make it a priority to study teamwork concepts and theories.
Teamwork is the process of achieving one common objective as one unified group of people. It is a joint effort to reach a goal, whether it’s a basketball team trying to score a point or a sales team trying to sell a service. Each person on the team should have something to contribute to the process. For instance, one person on a work team may have knowledge of computers while another is better at talking to people in person.
One theory is that in order to have an efficient team, you must have a strong and clearly defined leader. Without a leader, the team lacks direction and each member is unsure of who the point of contact is for various issues during the project. A leader also identifies issues within the team to fix them and strengthen the team dynamics in the process. A strong leader must be understanding, inspirational, trustworthy and committed to the task at hand.
Communication is Key
Another teamwork theory is that without efficient communication, the team cannot thrive. Each team member must communicate with one another in a way that helps the project progress according to schedule. Communication conflicts can arise over personal issues or clashes of personality between members. A communication breakdown can jeopardize the entire project, waste money and cause the organization to lose valuable time.
According to the "team stages model" of teamwork, teams start out as disorganized groups and slowly evolve into efficiently run organizations over time. As the team spends time together, cliques may form and members slowly start to understand where they fit into the operation. The manager may make decisions early on in the establishment of the team, such as assigning roles for each member, then change these decisions as things progress.