Disbursement Rules for Annuities

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Annuities are insurance policies that guarantee you an income for your entire life or for a set period of time. Insurance companies provide you with two ways to take disbursements from your annuity contract. These disbursements each have their own benefits and drawbacks. Make sure you understand these disbursements and how they can affect your retirement income.

Guaranteed Payments

Annuities provide the option for guaranteed payments. In order to take advantage of this option, you must convert your savings to the guaranteed payment option. You may then choose to receive payments for your entire life or for a set number of years. If you choose to receive payments for a set number of years, those payments will cease after the term is up. If you do not live out the term, your beneficiaries will receive the remainder of the funds. With lifetime payments, the payments stop at your death.

Withdrawals

Withdrawals are made only from deferred annuities. A deferred annuity is an annuity that has not yet been converted to guaranteed payments. Withdrawals may be made on a systematic or periodic basis. Systematic withdrawals are withdrawals made on a regular basis. Periodic withdrawals are withdrawals made when you need the money. In both cases, withdrawals may only be made so long as there is money in the account. There is no guarantee as to how much money you will be able to withdraw from the annuity when using either the systematic or periodic withdrawals.

Benefit

The benefit of withdrawals is that you retain control over your entire savings amount. If you need a lump sum of money, you can withdraw it and still make other withdrawals. The benefit of guaranteed payments is that you'll never run out of money during the payment period. This may be especially important for lifetime payments because you don't know exactly how long you'll live. The guaranteed payments keep your income coming in until your death.

Disadvantage

The disadvantage to withdrawals is that you are taxed as though you are removing all of your investment gain first. This increases your income tax when compared to guaranteed payments, since guaranteed payments from an annuity are treated as though the payment consists primarily of a return of your principal with a small amount of interest added to the payment. The disadvantage to guaranteed payments, however, is that you lose total control over your savings amount. If you need a lump sum of cash, you won't have it, since your savings has been converted to monthly payments.

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References

  • "Practicing Financial Planning for Professionals (Practitioners' Edition), 10th Edition"; Sid Mittra, Anandi P. Sahu, Robert A Crane; 2007
  • "Life Insurance"; Kenneth Black, Jr., Harold D. Skipper, Jr.; 1994
  • "Life & Health Insurance, License Exam Manual, 6th Edition"; Dearborn Financial; 2004
  • IRS: Publication 575
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