Scholarship essays often have the same types of prompts. They cover many of the same general topics, making it easier for students to anticipate what they will have to write. Brainstorm before you have to sit down and write the essay for a week or two. This will help you plan a coherent and impactful essay.
Many scholarships will ask you about a person, quote, book or other significant item in your life that has inspired you. You may be asked to describe a person who has made the largest impact on your life and explain why. You could also be asked to explain how a particular book you read has influenced your thought process and view of the world.
Scholarship essays may ask you to explain what your greatest accomplishment has been thus far in your life. You do not have to describe only achievements for which you have received an award. Also consider accomplishments that seemed unimportant at the time but that turned out to be very important.
Your Major and Society
Scholarship committees may want you to explain why you have chosen a particular major, how you plan to use a degree in that major to further your career goals or the importance your major plays in society. You may also have an essay prompt that asks you about a current event. Another possibility is that you will be asked to suggest a solution to a problem in society.
Your particular essay prompt may have nothing to do with any of these broad ranges of topics. It is difficult to be prepared for a random essay question. You may be asked about the mission or work of the scholarship committee. You could also be asked to write a research paper about a particular topic that will demonstrate your ability to think logically and back up your answers with effective examples.