Colleges and universities assign faculty members different academic ranks; these ranks indicate the level of education required to obtain that position. Though non-doctoral teachers can secure jobs in higher education, in order to secure the title of professor, they must have a doctoral degree in their field. Earning the Ph.D.--the terminal degree in any field--gives professors the academic knowledge and expertise to teach at the post-secondary level.
Assistant Professor Requirements
As the junior faculty member in an academic department, the assistant professor is often a new doctoral graduate starting his career in higher education. Even though the assistant professor is the lowest faculty line, it still requires a Ph.D. Most colleges and universities prefer that the assistant professor has some teaching experience, which he might have garnered as he earned his Ph.D. Assistant professors also need to work on scholarship by presenting their research and engaging in service on campus and beyond.
Associate Professor Requirements
In order for a person to earn the title of associate professor, she has to meet all of the requirements of an assistant professor, including holding the Ph.D. in her field. She has to demonstrate strong teaching skills as well as scholarly performance outside of the classroom. A promotion to associate professor might require that the person publish several academic journal articles or a book to promote her research. Having the Ph.D. behind her name can make this challenging effort a bit easier.
Full Professor Requirements
Accomplished professors can earn the title of full professor--the highest academic rank--after a proven record of scholarly success. Naturally, this rank requires that the professor hold a Ph.D. in his academic field. Often, these professors have five to 10 years of professorial experience at the postsecondary level. Their work has been published, and they have taken on leadership roles in the campus and the community.
Other Academic Ranks
Teachers who do not hold a Ph.D. but want to teach in higher education can apply for lower-level positions in academia. Instructors and lecturers are titles given to non-doctoral faculty members who have a temporary appointment to teach in a department. For example, a lecturer might come to a university to teach undergraduate courses for a two-year stint. This level of teaching requires a Master's degree in the field.
How to Become a College Professor
Realize that you must hold a Ph.D. in your field to even ... Decide if you want to make ... How to...
Can You Be a Professor Without a Ph.D.?
Good college and university professors inspire and challenge young minds while dedicating their lives to scholarship. Though getting tenure at a major...
Salary of a Ph.D. Professor
Salaries of PhD professors can range from $50,000 to around $150,000, according to PayScale. That $100,000 difference will depend on the size...
How to Become a Music Professor
Things You'll Need. Audition tape; Resume; Letters of recommendation; College transcripts; ... Full-time, tenured college professors must hold doctoral degrees - Ph.D.s.
How to Teach at the College Level Without a PhD
Teaching at a university without a Ph.D. can be challenging. ... Do You Need a PhD to Be a Professor? University Professor...
Requirements to Teach College Level Courses
Some people may think you need to have a doctorate to teach college-level courses. Though this is usually the case, in some...
How to Become an Adjunct Professor
When you go in for the face-to-face interview you need to bring everything that you can think of that will sell you....
How to Teach at College
If you want to teach in a university, you will need to enter into doctoral studies. ... Teaching at a university without...