Schools need to assure students that discipline is not just about making them suffer or humiliating them in front of other students. Whereas students might not like rules or punishments, they should also understand that discipline is obligatory for a good learning environment and interaction between students. The most productive way to reduce problems and improve learning outcomes in schools is by creating awareness on discipline among students.
Communication and Collaboration
School administration should hold talks with students to enlighten them on the aim of discipline and importance of staying away from punishment. Some students have perceptions that discipline must involve conflicts with teachers and physical punishment. The school can begin by changing this perception, and help children understand that discipline is achievable through rewards and cooperation. Schools should also help students feel good about themselves, because according to Save The Children, children who feel good about themselves behave well. Schools cannot promote discipline on their own; there should be collaboration of parents, government, and other schools in the District.
According to Educational Researcher, behavioral support strategies that promote discipline awareness should build on school-wide systems to teach and communicate behavioral rules and reward adhering students. Support strategies involve establishing a school culture reinforced through individual support and classroom interventions. Individual support is appropriate for children with persistent and severe problem behavior. In this approach, teachers become role models for discipline and reward good behavior to discourage anti-social behavior.
Social Emotional Learning
Schools can create discipline awareness by building the character of individual children through a social emotional learning approach. Instilling discipline in children begins by enabling self-awareness, social awareness, responsible decision-making, self-management and relationship skills among children. When children have these values of self-discipline, it becomes easier for them to interpret and adhere to rules and avoid inappropriate behavior. It also makes it easy to build skills among students for emotional and social relationships with teachers and peers without conflicts.
According to the ecological approach to education, well-managed classroom structure and activities promote self-discipline through coordination and cooperation with peers. They also facilitate logical expectations, guidance and student motivation. School buildings’ design can be effective tools for creating discipline awareness, according to JCJ Architecture, Laposta. Design of school buildings educates children about the expectations and culture of the society as it acts as the “third teacher." A well-lit school, with fresh air, calm environment and less noise sets background for discipline. A school design can match its discipline mission. For instance, a design that allows openness and collaboration while encouraging students and teachers to peek in is appropriate for promoting discipline.
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