Peas are cool-weather vegetables grown in home gardens throughout the U.S. They need moist soil, moderate temperatures and a support structure to climb. Pea plants thrive in the coolness of spring.
Plant pea seeds in the early spring once the soil temperature has reached 45 F. Do not plant while the soil is wet and sticky; wait until the soil does not stick to your gardening tools.
Keep the seedbed moist and do not allow the soil to dry out, since this stops germination. Gently pull up small invasive weeds as they appear so they do not form large roots and disturb the pea seeds.
A soil temperature below 40 F delays the germination of the pea seeds. Soil temperature in the range of 40 to 75 F is ideal for germination.
Pea seeds germinate in one to two weeks under ideal conditions. It may take up to a month for the seedlings to emerge if spring temperatures are low. Small pea sprouts resemble blades of grass when emerging from the soil and then develop two leaves before undergoing a growth spurt.
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