What Is Total Bases?


In baseball, a game of numbers, statistics are used every day to judge a player's performance. Total Bases, or TB, provides one of the best offensive calculations and shows a hitter's true productivity through hitting and his ability to get on base. This calculation shows the total number of bases a player has gained through hits alone. Bases gained through stealing or advancing, or reached on error, do not count towards this statistic. You also need the total bases calculation to determine another important baseball statistic, slugging percentage.

History and Use

  • The Total Bases calculation allows statisticians to find players who are run creators based on their plate appearances alone. Players who routinely get on base through hits as well as with their speed have a definite impact on scoring runs and propelling their team to victory. Without Total Bases, more importance would be put on run producers than run creators. This calculation helps to show the importance of getting hits and reaching base. In 1921, the legendary Babe Ruth set the single-season record for TB with 457.


  • When you calculate Total Bases, each base hit must be calculated differently depending on which base was reached: 1 for a single (1 multiplied by 1B), 2 for a double (2 multiplied by 2B), 3 for a triple (3 multiplied by 3B), and 4 for a home run (4 multiplied by HR). To find TB, multiply all hits accordingly and add the results. For example, in 1921, Babe Ruth had 85 singles, 44 doubles (88), 16 triples (48) and 59 homers (236) to achieve 457 TB.

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  • Photo Credit Design Pics/Design Pics/Getty Images
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