How to Write a Dialectic Essay


A dialectical essay centers on a proposed argument or thesis, and then counters that point of view with possible opposing ideas. This process lends itself to exploring several solutions, instead of focusing on one right answer. Ultimately, answers are concluded on the value of information known at that time. This form of essay writing is common in studying and arguing philosophy and counters the polemical essay style where one viewpoint is strongly suggested and argued out.

  • Introduce your initial argument (known as the thesis statement) in either the introductory paragraph or following paragraphs, offering your viewpoint in a clear and concise fashion. The reader should be able to easily grasp and understand your reasoned point of view.

  • Back up your thesis statement with sound reasoning, offering the basis and particulars as to why you are adopting this point of view. Supply all background information and relevant facts that solidify your initial argument. Like the thesis statement, all reasoning and pertinent information should be clear and concise.

  • Produce a thought or criticism that is counter to your thesis statement, providing it in a strong and clear fashion. Again, offer all background information regarding this dissenting point of view.

  • Argue why your thesis statement holds a stronger and more valid opinion than the counterargument. Focus on every aspect of this counterargument, offering clear and focused reasoning as to why every aspect of it is not valid.

  • Conclude a restatement of your thesis, your arguments for holding to this thesis (main strengths), the weaknesses of the counterargument and the final conclusion.


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