How to Build a Shrimp Pond

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Creating your own shrimp farm for human consumption is something you might consider if you are interested in the shrimp farming business. Although most shrimp is farmed in parts of Asia, shrimp farming has seen exceptional growth since the 1970s in the United States and worldwide. Two ponds are required to properly farm shrimp. One pond is for the larval shrimp and the other pond is for the matured adult shrimp. With the right resources, equipment and maintenance, you can build a profitable business selling shrimp to meat and seafood buyers.

  • Ensure that you have a good location readily available for building your shrimp ponds. Consider ease of access to and from the ocean and climate conditions. Cold climates will have shorter shrimp-growing cycles, while a closer proximity to the ocean allows you to easily stock the ponds with naturally occurring populations of larval shrimp and water straight from the ocean.

  • Contact a reputable construction company, preferably one that has experience in digging shrimp ponds. You cannot dig out the area for your ponds by yourself with just a shovel and two hands -- shrimp ponds typically stretch as long as 0.5 to 3 acres long and are at least one meter deep. The depth of your pond depends on the variety of shrimp you are planning to cultivate.

  • Employ an experienced construction company to have the pond holes dug out for you with the proper equipment. Note that a waterway should be built between the two ponds so that the water from the nursery can flow out into the adult shrimp pond for easy transfer. If the ponds are being dug very close to the ocean, you can build a gate system that allows ponds to receive fresh ocean water.

  • Fill the shrimp ponds with salt water from the ocean or from another source. Add algae and zoo plankton to the ponds to help replicate the natural ecosystems of the ocean.

  • Acquire and install specially designed aeration equipment or allow inflow and outflow from natural ocean water sources. Regular aeration, quality and temperature monitoring are necessary to create the optimal breeding waters for shrimp.

  • Stock the ponds with shrimp by allowing an inflow of shrimp from the ocean or by purchasing larval from a shrimp hatchery.

Tips & Warnings

  • There are a lot of costs associated with acquiring the necessary resources so you can build, stock and maintain shrimp ponds. Build at your own risk.

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References

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