How to Make Hoe Cake Bread


Hoe cake is a term used to describe a type of quick bread that was originally cooked in the fireplace on the flat part of an agricultural hoe. It is typically a thin bread created with a minimum of ingredients. Hoe cake, also known as fry bread, johnny cake, journey cake, ash bread, griddle cake and lace cornbread, is fried or baked in the oven. It is made with flour or cornmeal. Variations for the liquid ingredients include water, milk or buttermilk.

Things You'll Need

  • Mixing bowl
  • Greased baking pan
  • 2 cups self-rising flour
  • 1/3 cup shortening
  • 2 knives
  • Mixing spoon
  • 1 cup milk
  • Oven mitts
  • Clean knife or toothpick
  • 2 cups plain cornmeal
  • 3/4 tsp. salt
  • Hot water
  • Greased griddle

Flour Hoe Cake

  • Preheat oven to 400 degrees and put the greased baking pan on a rack in the middle of the oven.

  • Put 2 cups self-rising flour in the mixing bowl.

  • Add 1/3 cup shortening to the flour and cut it in using the two knives.

  • Pour 1 cup milk into the dry mixture and stir with the mixing spoon, making sure all of the dry ingredients are moistened.

  • Remove the hot, greased pan from the oven using the oven mitts and put the hoe cake mixture into the pan. Bake for about 15 minutes.

  • Invert the hoe cake onto a serving plate when it is done, using oven mitts when handling the hot pan.

Cornbread Hoe Cake

  • Combine 2 cups plain cornmeal with 3/4 tsp. salt in a mixing bowl. Stir with mixing spoon.

  • Add enough hot water to make a very thick batter.

  • Heat the greased griddle to medium-high.

  • Pour the batter onto the griddle and allow it to cook until the bottom becomes golden brown.

  • Slide the hoe cake onto a plate, then flip the hoe cake back onto the griddle with the raw side facing the griddle. Cook until this side is also golden brown.

Tips & Warnings

  • Oven temperatures vary, as do cooking times. The hoe cake is done when the bottom crust is golden brown and the center is dry. Check for dryness by inserting a clean knife or toothpick in the center.
  • The thickness of hoe cakes range from very thin and crispy to bread-like depending on the recipe.
  • Add other ingredients to dress up your hoe cake. For a little zest, add chopped jalapenos. Onions, crumbled cooked bacon or chopped cracklings are good choices as well.
  • Small, individual hoe cakes can double for pancakes.
  • If you are making a hoe cake that will be flipped to finish cooking, keep the hoe cake on the thin side and cook the first side slowly. This way, much of the interior gets solid before flipping. As with pancakes, if the topside is too wet when the hoe cake is flipped, the cake will splatter.

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