How to Stock a Pond With Yellow Perch

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A yellow perch is a cold water fish and it normally grows 4 to 6 inches in length. It has has a dorsal fin, and it's a member of the Percidae family. In the wild, yellow perch prefer relatively shallow waters near shore. When stocking a pond with yellow perch, however, you must consider aeration, temperatures and the size of the pond. Perch can be very prolific and they should not be stocked in small ponds.

  • Stock yellow perch in a pond that is at least 10-feet deep and 1/3 acre in size. You can stock up to 100 4- to 5-inch perch in a pond of this size. The larger the pond, the more fish you can add to it.

  • Add proper aeration to the pond through the use of multiple waterfalls or fountains. Yellow perch require a lot of oxygen; water circulation is crucial to the health of your fish.

  • Maintain the water temperature of the pond. Yellow perch can living in freezing temperatures, but they're most active in water temperatures of 66 to 70 degrees. Add a pond heater or a pond de-icer in the winter and provide shade in the summer to regulate water temperature. Add floating plants and foliage to the pond to increase shade.

  • Order yellow perch from a commercial hatchery. Slowly mix pond water into the shipping container over the course of 30 minutes; then, submerge the container let the fish swim out when they are ready.

Tips & Warnings

  • The Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries does not recommend stocking yellow pirch; they tend to become overpopulated and stunted.

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  • Photo Credit Hemera Technologies/PhotoObjects.net/Getty Images
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