Because they have sensitive skin, rabbits are easily prone to getting cuts. Attempting to bond a pair of rabbits often results in scuffles, a common cause of cuts. Due to their inability to move freely, disabled rabbits may cut themselves on furniture or other sharp objects. Immediately tend to a cut to determine if your rabbit needs veterinary attention or if you can care for the wound yourself.
Things You'll Need
- Hydrogen peroxide
Plain saline solution
- Silver sulfadiazine cream
Stop the Bleeding
Your first concern is to stop any bleeding. Use a piece of gauze -- or any sterile dressing -- to put pressure directly on the wound. Do not ease up on the pressure until the bleeding stops. If the bleeding does not stop, add another piece of gauze on top of the first piece and again apply pressure. Take your rabbit to the vet immediately if applying direct pressure to the cut doesn't stop the bleeding.
After you have stopped any bleeding and before you clean the cut, thoroughly wash your hands with antiseptic soap to stop the growth of bacteria and other germs.
Cleaning and Bandaging the Cut
- Clean the edges of the cut with hydrogen peroxide. Do your best not to get the hydrogen peroxide directly into the cut as it can be painful for your rabbit. Never use hydrogen peroxide on a deep cut.
- Use plain saline solution or warm water and a sterile piece of gauze or cloth to rinse out the inside of the cut. Wash out the cut, ensuring any fur, dirt or hay has been removed and the cut is clean.
- Take a new piece of gauze or a sterile cloth and gently dab to dry the cut.
- If you plan to bandage the wound, gently apply either silver sulfadiazine cream or Neosporin. If you do not need to bandage the cut because it is small, avoid using Neosporin as a rabbit may lick it, which could result in digestive problems.
- Bandage your rabbit's cut if it is large, open and in an area where your rabbit can lick and aggravate it. Cover the cut with a piece of gauze and secure with fabric tape.
Do not use Neosporin that contains lidocaine or a pain killer, both of which can result in a rabbit's heart failure.
Signs of Infection
Monitor your rabbit for signs of infection. Your rabbit's cut may be infected if:
- It is red or swollen.
- Gently touch around the cut. If it feels warm, the cut may be infected.
- Your rabbit appears to be in pain.
Consult a Veterinarian
Take your rabbit to a rabbit-savvy veterinarian immediately if the cut:
- Appears infected.
- Is deep enough to require stitches.
- Will not stop bleeding.