As scholarly work addresses more popular culture, papers citing manga become more common. These Japanese comic books, typically sold in the U.S. as graphic novels, may credit artists and translators, as well as writers. How you cite them depends on which citation style your field of study uses.
MLA Style Citations
In MLA style, cite the author’s surname and page number in parentheses immediately after the reference. For instance, cite “Black Butler,” by Yana Toboso, thus: (Toboso, 7). Translators appear only in the bibliography. Called a Works Cited, an MLA-style bibliography uses hanging indents and begins with the author, followed by the italicized title, publication information, including translator, and finally the date and format: Toboso, Yana. Black Butler. Trans. Tomo Kimura. Vol. 1. New York: Yen Press, 2010. Print.
APA Style Citations
In APA style, cite the author’s last name and the date of the work in parentheses: (Toboso, 2010). An APA-style bibliography differs from the MLA version mostly in the order of the information you provide. Use authors’ and translators’ initials instead of first names, and omit the format: Toboso, Y. (2010). Black Butler (Vol. 1.). (K. Kimura, Trans.). New York, NY: Yen Press.
- Photo Credit Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images News/Getty Images
- Black Butler, Vol. 1; Yana Toboso, trans. by 2010
- Popular Culture Association, Comic Art and Comics: Comic Art in Scholarly Writing, A Citation Guide; Allen Ellis
- Webster's New World College Dictionary: Manga
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