How to Know If You Tore Your ACL

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The only way to definitively know whether or not you have torn your anterior cruciate ligament is to see a doctor. However, injuries to the knees and lower legs are common, so you may not know whether the injury will heal itself or whether it is something more serious like an ACL tear. Have a friend or family member perform a simple test, called an "anterior drawer test," to get a better idea of the nature of the injury.

Soccer is one common activity that causes ACL tears.
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Step 1

Go directly to the hospital or doctor's office if there is clearly something wrong with your knee. Further manipulation of an already badly injured knee can cause additional damage.

If there's something wrong with your knee, go directly to the hospital or doctor's office.
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Step 2

Lie on the ground or table with your injured knee flexed at about 90 degrees.Keep your hip flexed at about 45 degrees, your leg muscles relaxed and your foot flat on the ground. Have the tester sit on or against your foot so your leg does not move.

Have someone help test your range of motion.
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Step 3

Instruct the tester to grasp your lower leg with both hands just below the knee joint. Have him pull upwards and toward himself. If the leg pulls forward more than normal (try doing the test on the other leg to see what normal is) then there is a good chance the ACL is torn. However if the knee was damaged before the test may indicate a false positive.

Your friend can test your range of motion to determine whether the knee is torn.
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Step 4

See a doctor as soon as possible to confirm the diagnosis, or if the injury gets worse or does not begin to feel better in a few days. If the test was negative you might not have torn your ACL, but you might have damaged something else.

See a doctor to get a diagnosis as soon as you can.
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Tips & Warnings

  • Always consult a doctor to get the final word on any possible injuries. Do not rely solely on self-diagnosis.

References

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