How to Find the Perimeter of a Triangle With Coordinates

Save

A triangle's coordinates tell you its perimeter because they specify the exact positions of all three of its vertices. These positions determine the length of each side, and the triangle's perimeter is the sum of the three lengths. Calculate the length of each side using the Pythagorean theorem. The theorem states that the length of a diagonal, squared, equals the sum of the squares of the horizontal and vertical lines that the diagonal joins.

  • Subtract the first point's x-coordinate from that of the second. If, for instance, two of the triangle's points have coordinates of (1, 9) and (13, -12), you would calculate 13 - 1 = 12.

  • Square this difference -- 12^2 = 144.

  • Subtract the first point's y-coordinate from the second's: -12 - 9 = -21.

  • Square this difference. So (-21)^2 = 441

  • Add together the two squares -- 144 + 441 = 585.

  • Find the square root of this sum -- 585^0.5 = 24.19. This side measures 24.19 units in length.

  • Repeat the whole process with the other two sides. If the third corner, for instance, has coordinates of (-5, -6), the second side measures ((1 - -5)^2 + (9 - -6)^2 )^0.5, or 16.15 units. The third side measures ((13 - -5)^2 + (-12 - -6)^2 ) ^ 0.5, or 18.97 units.

  • Add together the three measurements to find the perimeter -- 24.19 + 16.15 + 18.97 = 59.31 units.

References

  • Photo Credit Photos.com/Photos.com/Getty Images
Promoted By Zergnet

Comments

Resources

You May Also Like

Related Searches

Read Article

3 Day-to-Night Outfits for the Work Week

M
Is DIY in your DNA? Become part of our maker community.
Submit Your Work!