Knitting charts are graphic representations of knitted fabric, and are useful in designing colorwork, lace and cabled fabrics. A chart often replaces written instructions in knitting patterns -- they can be easier to follow with glance now and then as you work. For budding knitwear designers, creating knitting charts is a snap -- though you do need specialized knitting graph paper to create the most accurate, successful knitting patterns.
Things You'll Need
- Computer spreadsheet program
- Copy paper
- Colored pencils
Knitting Graph Paper
Open a standard computer spreadsheet program to create your own knitting graph paper. As knitted stitches are rectangles, not square, standard graph paper makes your design appear condensed.
Open a new document in the spreadsheet program, and click in the upper right corner of the graph or use the “Select All” function to select the entire chart.
Format the spreadsheet to make the cells rectangles -- taller than they are wide.
Select a portion of the cells for your chart and apply borders to clearly mark where your design starts and ends.
Print the spreadsheet.
Find a design you want to create
Use colored pencils or markers to create the colorwork design. Each square is one stitch.
Repeat this for each different color you want to use in your design.
Cable and Lacework Charts
Research symbols commonly used to indicate particular stitches. In a cable or lacework pattern you have to use symbols to demonstrate what stitches you want. You can use established symbols or create your own. However, if you use established symbols, other readers of your pattern may find it easier to use your chart.
Insert a small chart key explaining the symbols used in your pattern. Visual depictions of stitches help as you design your work and act as a guide to the stitch symbols for the reader later.
Number your chart the way you design it; clearly show in what direction the reader should knit to avoid confusion. For instance, if your pattern should be knit from the bottom, up, your bottom-most row will be numbered "1." Do just the opposite for top-down knitting.
Tips & Warnings
- If designing by hand, print your grid onto tracing paper. This way, you can place it over the motif or image you want and use it as a guide in your design. Make a photocopy of the finished design for a sturdier chart.
- Using different fill colors for your right-side and wrong-side rows may make it easier to read your lace or cable knitting chart.
- Save the knitting graph paper you create to use as a template for future designs.
- Save your work early and often if you choose to complete the entire chart on a computer.
- Photo Credit Emma Innocenti/Lifesize/Getty Images
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