How to Customize URLs in "Joomla!"

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"Joomla!," by default does not create canonical Web addresses. Canonical uniform resource locators use descriptive words, frequently separated by hyphens or underscores, as opposed to a query string. "Joomla!" does, however, provide the ability to create custom URLs in the form of SEF or search engine friendly URLs. This allows the site administrator to have some control over keywords in the URLs. The ability to create custom URLs will allow your site to be found more easily online through search engines.

  • Log in to your "Joomla!" administrative interface. Find it at "http://YourSite.com/administrator/." Unless your "Joomla!" installation is in a subfolder, then it will be at "http://YourSite.com/YourSubFolder/administrator/."

  • Select "Global Configuration" from the Control Panel icons after logging in.

  • Click the "Site" tab in the Global Configuration interface.

  • Select "Yes" next to "Search Engine Friendly URLs" in the "SEO Settings" section of the interface. Click "Save" in the upper right corner.

  • Select "Article Manager" under "Content" in the top navigation bar.

  • Open an existing article or click "New" in the upper right corner of the interface.

  • Enter the URL extension you would like this article to have in the "Alias" text field on the left-hand side.

  • Finish composing your article and click "Save" in the upper right of the interface.

Tips & Warnings

  • Any capital letters will be reduced to lower case and spaces will have a hyphen placed in the space in the "Alias" text field. Your resulting URL will look like this "http://www.YourSite.com/index.php/your-new-alias-URL/." The "your-new-alias-URL" portion is what was entered in the "Alias" field. Customize any URL that has the "Alias" field available once you have "Search Engine Friendly URLs" feature turned on. Set "Joomla" to remove the "index.php" portion of URLs by selecting "Yes" next to "Use Apache Mod_Rewrite," but you will need to change your ".htaccess" file from "htaccess.txt" to ".htaccess."
  • "Joomla!" does not recognize most punctuation in the alias field. Commas, periods and other punctuation will be replaced with hyphens.

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